JOHNSTON, Olin DeWitt Talmadge, 1896-1965

Courtesy U.S. Senate Historical Office

Guide to Research Collections

Clemson University
Special Collections
Clemson, SC
Papers: Correspondence in Paul Quattlebaum papers, 1860-1964 (bulk 1936-1963); and Floyd Drayton Johnson papers, 1939-1984 (bulk 1960-1984).

Emory University
Robert W. Woodruff Library
Atlanta, GA
Papers: Correspondence in Robert Jesse Travis papers, 1818-1966.

Harvard University
Law School Library
Cambridge, MA
Papers: In Joseph Berry Keenan papers, 1942-1947.

South Carolina Department of Archives and History
Columbia, SC
Papers: 1935-1939, 1943-1945. 66 feet. Gubernatorial papers and photograph.

South Carolina Historical Society
Charleston, SC
Papers: Correspondence in Thomas R. Waring papers, ca. 1950-ca. 1971.

Syracuse University
George Arents Research Library
Syracuse, NY
Papers: Correspondence in Charles F. Johnson papers, 1899-1959.

University of South Carolina
South Carolina Political Collections
Columbia, SC
Papers: 1914-1965. 182 linear feet. Chiefly Senate papers arranged in following series: legislative files, news clippings, speeches, reference files, campaign files, press releases, voting records, recommendations, media files, office files, case files, audiovisual materials, 8 volumes of scrapbooks (1935, 1936-1937 (2), 1937, 1938, 1946-1947, 1950, and 1965), and miscellaneous files that include 1 foot of correspondence from Wilton Hall’s Senate service, (November-December 1944). Legislative files reflect committee service on Agriculture and Forestry, District of Columbia, Judiciary, and Post Office and Civil Service committees. Campaign files contain correspondence and other materials related to party activity and campaigns. Film (1956-1964) presents Johnston speaking on issues of the day. Some gubernatorial records are included. Finding aid available online. Access to case files is restricted. Related Collections: Gubernatorial Records (S.C. Department of Archives & History) Patterson, Elizabeth J. (daughter)

Additional Papers: Correspondence in Daniel Rogers McLeod papers, 1957-1983; significant materials relating to Johnston in William Jennings Bryan Dorn papers, 1912-1988; and materials pertaining to his strong challenge to Johnston (1962) in William D. Workman, Jr. papers, 1915-1985.

Oral History. Related Oral History: Oral History Transcript, Liz Patterson (pdf, 28 pages) Johnston’s daughter Elizabeth J. Patterson discusses her early life as a Senator’s daughter and especially aspects of her father’s career and personality. Oral History Transcript, Sallie Scott (pdf, 45 pages) Mrs. Sallie Scott, the elder daughter of Olin D. and Gladys Atkinson Johnston, recounts her recollections of life in the Governor’s Mansion and in the Maryland suburbs of Washington, D.C., her father’s political campaigns, and her mother’s active role in Johnston’s campaigns and career in government. Oral History Transcript, Thomas Chadwick (pdf, 53 pages) Thomas W. Chadwick (1923-2011) served U.S. Senator Olin D. Johnston as Press Secretary, Legislative Assistant, and Campaign Manager between 1955 and the Senator’s death in 1965. In this interview, he reflects upon his education at the U.S.C. School of Journalism, his years as a reporter for The State, work as a Senate staffer, and roles in the presidential campaigns of Adlai Stevenson, 1952 and 1956, John F. Kennedy, 1960, Lyndon Baines Johnson, 1964, and Hubert Humphrey, 1968. Also in this interview, Chadwick describes the leadership which Johnston provided in the office, his concern for the common man and liberal economic stance, and the campaigns in which Chadwick figured. He also discusses the roles played in the office by other key staff members such as Robert L. Alexander, Hyram W. “Bill” Brawley, Andrew M. Faucette (1895-1961), and Baxter Funderburke, as well as Johnston’s brother William C. Johnston and the Senator’s wife, Gladys, and talks of close associates Senator Frank Carlson (R-KS), J.C. Long, Robert Hemphill, and others.

Winthrop College Library
Rock Hill, SC
Papers: Correspondence in Jessie Laurence papers, 1894-1967; and Henry Radcliffe Sims papers, 1917-1972. Finding aid.