WAYNE, Anthony, 1745-1796


Guide to Research Collections

Historical Society of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: 1765-1890, 15 linear feet.
The papers relate to Anthony Wayne’s activities in the Revolutionary War and later, his campaign against the Indians, and the peace treaties concluded with them: Wayne’s correspondence with other army officers, with the Secretary of War, and with other men active in colonial affairs, 1765-1779; records of courts-martial, 1776-1796; military documents, monthly returns, muster rolls, and department returns, 1777-1794; orderly books, 1781, 1792-1796; note of the itinerary of the Pennsylvania Line, 1781; journals of proceedings at treaty councils held with Indians, 1778-1795; “Instructions to Major General Anthony Wayne to be employed on the Western Frontier,” 1792; copy of “Treaty of Greenville,” 1795. Wayne family papers include: Chester County survey by Anthony Wayne, 1771; the Wayne farm book, 1784-1820; miscellaneous manuscripts of Issac Wayne, 1842-1890.

Papers: 1792, 2 volumes.
A manuscript copy of original orderly book 24 May 1794-19 October 1794, attributed to Anthony Wayne with headquarters at Philadelphia and Pittsburgh. It contains primarily General Orders with descriptions of court martials.

Papers: 1794, 1 volume.
An account of expedition of General Anthony Wayne’s campaign to the Western Indians.


Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
Springfield, IL
Papers: 1794-1796, 3 items.
Subjects include Anthony Wayne.


American Philosophical Society
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: 1785-1792, 1 volume.
This volume contains signed receipts for Anthony Wayne’s payment, in money or kind, of debts, taxes, land, and commodities.


Boston Public Library
Boston, MA
Papers: 4 items.


The Copley Press
J.S. Copley Library
La Jolla, CA
Papers: 1779, 2 sides.
Medal struck by order of Congress for Waynes’s capture of the garrison of Stony Point on July 16, 1779. Reverse side depicts battle scene, inscribed “Stoney-Point Expugnatum”; medal dated July 15 1779.

Papers: 1780, 1 page.
A letter from Alexander Hamilton to Anthony Wayne written on September 28, 1780. In the letter, Alexander Hamilton, an Aide de Camp to General Washington, Hamilton delivers orders for fifty men to provide security to guards escorting prisoners to headquarters. Docketed by General Wayne.

Papers: 1781, 3 pages.
A letter from Anthony Wayne to George Washington written on July 27, 1781. In the letter, Wayne heatedly denounces the intercepted letters from Lord Germain. “It is therefore the business of America to dispossess them of every port they hold in the United States, at every expense of blood & treasure.”

Papers: 1782, 4 pages.
A letter from Anthony Wayne to General Barnwell or Officer Comm[andin]g the troops near the Savannah, written on January 22, 1782. In the letter, Wayne writes that after reconnoitering the enemy, he realizes all supplies must be drawn from Carolina, and requests rice and corn be sent, with ”negroes with some carpenters to repair the road and bridges ... always giving certificates for every article you take ... also for the time of service for such carriages and negroes ...” Later that night was a major skirmish with 300 Creek Indians.

Papers: 1782, 3 pages.
A letter from Anthony Wayne to John Martin, Governor of Georgia, written on February 19, 1782. In the letter, Wayne makes suggestions ”for opening a door for the return of the Citizens” in Savannah, also for forming a permanent security force by “adopting the same kind of plan with Carolina for embodying a Corps of Negroes ...”

Papers: 1782, 1 page.
A letter from Anthony Wayne to to Doctor Pryar, written on April 15, 1782. In the letter, Wayne requests “the necessary medicines, bandages, lint & so on ... also ... send a surgeon here with a few hospital stores. Turkey Hill must be the fixed or Stationary Hospital...”

Papers: 1782, 1 page.
A letter from Anthony Wayne to Capt. Alexander, Rifle Corps, written on June 2, 1782. In the letter, Wayne gives marching orders to join Jackson’s command. “You will use every exertion to prevent any Insults or Depredations being committed upon the Inhabitants; should any person or persons be found guilty of Marauding he or they will be punished in the most exemplary manner.”

Papers: 1782, 1 page.
A letter from Anthony Wayne to Lewis Cohn written on August 9, 1782. In the letter, Wayne writes that “You ask to continue to supply the troops in Georgia with Rice and beef at the rate of about five thousand rations per week. The rice may now with safety be conveyed by water to Savannah ...”

Papers: 1782, 2 pages.
A letter from Anthony Wayne to Messrs. Clay, Gibbons, and Habersham, written on August 19, 1782. In the letter, Wayne writes that he is returning some troop clothing with receipt for “a sufficient voucher to settle the general account with Congress: at all events you can discount it with the Financier ... also some spirits obtained ... to be charged to the Commissary Generals department.”

Papers: 1782, 2 pages.
A letter from Anthony Wayne to General [Nathanael] Greene written on December 3, 1782. In the letter, Wayne writes that “the troops in town have now been six days without receiving a particle of meat, nor is there a single pound of rice in the place!” He says that he expects”very disagreeable consequences” if measures are not taken to provide his men with at least “one day’s provision.”

Papers: 1790, 1 page.
A letter from George Washington to General Anthony Wayne written on March 25, 1790. The letter consisted of a signed presentation letter accompanying “a Medal struck by order of the late Congress in commemoration of your much approved conduct in the Assault of Stoney Point.” In corner is a note dated 1817, signed by I[saac] Wayne concerning the medal. Medal enclosed.

Papers: 1791, 2 pages.
A letter from Anthony Wayne to Samuel Howell and George Emlen written on July 26, 1791. In the letter, Wayne writes that he is approaching the end of his period of financial difficulty following the Revolution, here writes to Emlen, an old friend from whom he had received a loan. “Permit me to return you many thanks for your kind friendship in obtaining the loan of 500 pounds for me ...” Wayne had lost his Georgia rice plantations and was, at this time, temporariliy working as Representative of Georgia in the Second Congress, a position later overturned.

Papers: 1795, 1 page.
A letter from Anthony Wayne to Col. O’hara written on February 22, 1795. In the letter, Wayne writes to Col. O’Hara discussing an officer’s unacceptable behavior towards Col. O’Hara.

Papers: 1795, 1 page.
An order from Anthony Wayne written on November 16, 1795, for clothing and blankets to the Clothier General for the use of the First Sub Legion. Signed also by Charles Hyde, John Mills, and Abner Prior.


Cornell University Library
Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections
Ithaca, NY
Papers: In the Gail and Stephen Rudin Slavery Collection, 1728-1893, 300 items.
Other authors include Anthony Wayne.


Detroit Public Library
Burton Historical Collection
Detroit, MI
Papers: 1767-1811; 4 boxes, 1 volume, and 1 folder.
The papers of Anthony Wayne contain correspondence, account books, orderly books, receipts, and other papers, relating to his military activities and to his estate. The papers are in part copies of originals in the Historical Society of Pennsylvania.

Papers: In the Benjamin Franklin Hawkins Witherell Papers, 1781-1924, 5 volumes and 2 boxes.
The papers include information on Anthony Wayne’s burial.


The Filson Historical Society
Louisville, KY
Papers: 1793-1794, 5 volumes.
Orderly books, 17 Jan. 1793 to 10 July 1794 kept during Major General Anthony Wayne’s campaign against the Northwest Indians. They were kept by Lieutenant Samuel Tinsley and others, and primarily contain orders of the day and court-martial proceedings. Book no. 3, under the date 13 Sept. 1793, contains a roster and muster roll of the four sub-legions of the United States as they existed in the autumn of 1793, grouped according to organizations and their respective officers; and an order of 1 Nov. 1793 appointing the general staff, field and other commissioned officer to command the Kentucky Mounted Volunteers.

Papers: 1794, 1 item.
A pay roll document for the command staff of Anthony Wayne for the months of May through July, 1793.


Georgia Department of Archives and History
Atlanta, GA
Papers: In File II Names.
File is primarily incoming correspondence to the Governor of Georgia. Finding aid in repository.


Georgia Historical Society
Savannah, GA
Papers: 1788-1792, 2 items.
These letters are photocopies of the originals in the Historical Society of Pennsylvania.

Papers: In the Wayne-Stites-Anderson Family Papers, 1756-1957, approximately 8,490 items.
The papers include personal and business papers of Anthony Wayne.


Indiana Historical Society
Indianapolis, IN
Papers: 1792, 1 page.
A letter from John Jeffers to Anthony Wayne written on September 3, 1792. The letter consists of a report that the quality of the beef to be issuedto the troops was unacceptable.

Papers: 1792, 4 pages.
A letter from James Wilkinson to General Anthony Wayne, written on November 27, 1792. In the letter, Wilkinson discusses Wayne’s plans to deposit large quantities of supplies at several outposts, and to establish a post on the site of St. Clair’s defeat. Also reports on supply problems, actions against the Indians, and the discharge of men by Major Hamtramck at Fort Knox.


Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1777, 5 items.
Letters of Anthony Wayne, 1777 Feb. 18-Apr. 23.

Papers: 1779-1796, 14 items.
Correspondence, notes, treaty, military documents, and other papers pertaining chiefly to Wayne’s service as an army officer in the Revolutionary War and during campaigns against the Indians of the Old Northwest and as a member of the Pennsylvania State convention for the ratification of the U.S. Constitution. Correspondents include Thomas Burke, James Madison, Benjamin Rush, George Washington, and Wayne’s son-in-law, William R. Atlee.

Papers: 1782, 2 pages.
A letter from Anthony Wayne to Captain Hughes, commander of the Georgia Cavalry, written on August 6, 1782. In the letter, Wayne writes from headquarters in Savannah, Ga., to Captain Hughes about the Continental Army campaign in Georgia. Persons represented include Thomas Posey.

Papers: In the Arthur St. Clair Papers, 1746-1882, 4 cubic feet.
Other authors include Anthony Wayne.

Microfilm: In the Nathanael Greene Papers, 1781-1782, 2 reels.
Correspondents include Anthony Wayne.

Papers: In the Jay I. Kislak Collection, 1782, 2 pages.
A letter from Anthony Wayne to Captain Hughes, commander of the Georgia cavalry, written on August 6, 1782. Topics include the Continental Army campaign in Georgia. Persons represented include Thomas Posey.

Papers: In the John Payne Papers, ca. 1780-1905, 195 items.
Correspondents include Anthony Wayne.

Papers: In the James Wilkinson Papers, 29 items.
Subjects include Anthony Wayne.


Massachusetts Historical Society
Boston, MA
Papers: In the Curtis Guild Autograph Collection, 1642-1928, 1 box and 1 oversize container.
Persons represented include Anthony Wayne.


New Jersey Historical Society
Newark, NJ
Papers: In the Edwin A. Ely Autograph Collection, ca. 1663-1890, 250 items.
Persons represented include Anthony Wayne.


The New-York Historical Society
New York, NY
Papers: 1793-1795, 2 volumes.
Orderly books of Anthony Wayne’s kept during the campaign against the Indians of the Northwest territory when Wayne commanded the Legion of the United States, a mixed force of cavalry, artillery, and infantry which could, as the circumstances warranted, be detached for specific missions or postings and then brought back together into a single combined-arms force. The orderly books were kept at Hobson’s Choice (near Cincinnati), Ohio, July to October, 1793, and at Greeneville, Ohio, January to June, 1795. Many of the entries have to do with Courts-Martial for desertion, drunkeness, sleeping on guard duty, and other infractions.

Papers: In the Walter Stewart, Papers, ca. 1776-1795, 1 volume.
Correspondents include Anthony Wayne.


New York Public Library
Research Library
New York, NY
Papers: In the George Bancroft Collection, 1606-1887, 60 linear feet.
Other authors include Anthony Wayne.


Newberry Library
Edward E. Ayer Manuscript Collection
Chicago, IL
Papers: 1792-1795, 4 items.
Three letters, 1792-1795, and one appointment, July 1, 1793, regarding Indian affairs in the Northwest Territory and preparations for war. To Secretary of War Knox on Oct. 3, 1792, Wayne comments that there will be no peace with the Indians unless the U.S. agrees to a boundary line excluding it from the Great Lakes region. On Sept. 4, 1793, Wayne excerpts a letter from Henry Knox to inform Charles Scott, major general of the Kentucky mounted militia, that while preparations for war were to proceed, there were to be no actions that would jeopardize the efforts of the peace commissioners. In the third letter, written Aug. 19, 1795, to Northwest Territory Governor Arthur St. Clair, Wayne reports that he has received a talk from the Cherokees in which they promised to refrain from attacks on U.S. citizens or their property and to return from north of the Ohio to their own nation. Wayne also notes that the depradations of a Shawnee war party would cease and that citizens of the frontier would now be able to live in peace unless their misconduct prevented it. The appointment lists officers selected to command the Kentucky mounted militia, including Charles Scott, and requests that troops be raised and made ready to march.


Ohio Historical Society
Columbus, OH
Microfilm: 1793-1794, 1 reel.
Five orderly books of Anthony Wayne numbered 2-6 contain mostly orders of the day and court martial proceedings. Book 3 includes Roster and Muster roll of four Sub-Legions of the United States grouped by organization. Originals at the University of Kentucky.

Papers: 1795, 2 items.
A holograph copy of a speech given by General Anthony Wayne, welcoming Chippewa and Shawnees on the day they arrived at Greene Ville to negotiate a treaty of peace, includes notes and transcripts of the speech of Chippewa chief Massas and Shawnee chief Blue Jacket.

Papers: 1795-1796, 2 items.
Copies of two letters by Anthony Wayne, one to Winthrop Sargent, Feb. 10, 1795, relating to treaty of Greenville, the other to Major William Winston, Sept. 5, 1796, relative to troop movements around Detroit.

Microfilm: 1795-1796, 1 reel.
Originals in the Historical Collection, Detroit Public Library. Contains three orderly books of Anthony Wayne, including Greenville orders Aug.-Dec. 1795; company order book Dec. 1795-Feb. 1796; and Greenville orders May-July 1796.

Papers: 1796, 2 pages.
A contemporary copy of general orders, June 28, 1796, issued by General Wayne from his headquarters in Pittsburgh.

Papers: 1796, 2 pages.
A letter, from Anthony Wayne to Capt. Andrew Marschalke, commandant of Fort Miamis, Ohio, written on Oct. 8, 1796. In the letter, Wayne tells Marschalke that the act of Congress of May 30, 1796, has put him on the list of supernumerary officers.

Papers: In the Daniel Bradley Papers, 1793-1794, 4 items.
Correspondents include Anthony Wayne.


Pennsylvania State University
Rare Books and Manuscripts, University Libraries
State College, PA
Papers: 1785, 1 page.
A letter from Anthony Wayne to “Whom it may concern,” written on October 18, 1785. In the letter, Wayne writes that Sergt. Henry Crone was wounded in the storming of Stony Point, and is unable to support himself because of sickness incurred during his service in South Carolina.


Presbyterian Historical Society
Philadelphia, PA
Miceofilm: 1793-1794, 1 reel.
Papers of Anthony Wayne.


Princeton University Libraries
Princeton, NJ
Papers: In the Andre deCoppet Collection, 1566-1942, approximately 3,700 items.
Persons represented include Anthony Wayne.


The Rosenbach Museum & Library
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: 1777, 1 item.
A letter from Anthony Wayne to General Philip Schuyler written on March 23, 1777. In the letter, Wayne reports that he has too few men to hold his position at Ticonderoga and sees little prospect of being reinforced soon; asks Schuyler to try to rouse state officials to send aid; reports on an ambush against a party of his men.

Papers: 1781, 1 item.
A letter from Anthony Wayne to the President of the New Jersey Council written on January 4, 1781. The letter is signed by Wayne, Richard Butler, and Walter Stewart, concerning negotiations with the mutinous troops of the Continental Army’s Pennsylvania line.

Papers: 1790, 1 item.
A letter from James Jackson to Anthony Wayne written on April 16, 1791. In the letter, Jackson writes concerning matters being debated in Congress, including pre-emption, abolition, assumption of state debts, and the organization of the Southwest Territory, which became part of the state of Tennessee in 1796.

Papers: 1791, 1 item.
A letter from Justus H. Scheuber to Anthony Wayne written on May 13, 1791. In the letter, Scheuber recounts his history and asks Anthony Wayne’s help in obtaining a character reference from George Washington.

Papers: 1794, 1 item.
A letter from Henry Knox to Anthony Wayne written on July 11, 1794. In the letter, Knox gives hopeful news of progress in negotiations with the British.


Sodus Free Library
Sodus, NY
Papers: 1 letter.


Toledo-Lucas County Public Library
Toledo, OH
Papers: 1791, 1 page.
A letter from Anthony Wayne to Edward Telfair, Governor of Georgia, written on June 10, 1791. In the letter, Wayne spells out his view of fair policies to be pursued with the Creek Indians.


U.S. Military Academy Library
Special Collections
West Point, NY
Papers: 1792, 10 volumes.
Includes orders, 24 May 1792-14 Dec. 1795, issued by General Anthony Wayne in his late command against the Indians; chiefly dealing with the military training of his Legion of the United States; also contains orders, 16 Dec. 1795-25 August 1797, issued by Brigadier General James Wilkinson. Accompanied by a letter to Professor P.S. Michie dated Jan. 6, 1896, 1 p., holograph signed C.M. Burton asking permission to send a lady to West Point to copy the Wayne’s general order books. A typescript note of Burton historical collection relating to Anthony Wayne orderly books, 1792-1797, is included.


University of Chicago Library
Butler-Gunsaulus Collection
Chicago, IL
Papers: 1776, 1 item.
A letter from Anthony Wayne to the conductor of stores, [Ticonderoga, N.Y.?], written on July 26, 1776. An order from Anthony Wayne to deliver to the quartermaster of the 4th Pennsylvania Battalion one set of bullet molds. Also includes an order signed by Walter Stewart.


University of Chicago Library
Reuben T. Durrett Collection on Kentucky and the Ohio River Valley
Chicago, IL
Papers: 1794, 1 volume.
Daily journal of Anthony Wayne’s campaign, including an account of the memorable battle of August 20 : manuscript copy, 1794 July 28-Nov. 2.


University of Georgia Libraries
Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Athens, GA
Papers: 1782, 2 items.
Two letters from Col. James Jackson at Wrights and Eiley, near Savannah, Georgia, to Brig. General Andrew Wayne at Ebenezer (also near Savannah) dated February 19 and 20, 1782. Jackson who was in command of a body of troops under Wayne, reports about troop movements, a planned ambush, and the need for shoes.


University of Michigan
William L. Clements Library
Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: In the Wayne Family Papers, 1756-1900, 7 feet.
There are papers of Anthony Wayne, consisting of Post-Revolutionary correspondence and documents relating to his military activities, service in Congress, estate in Georgia, and property in Pennsylvania.


University of Pennsylvania Libraries
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: ca. 1778-1781, 15 boxes.
Persons represented include Anthony Wayne.

Papers: In Isaac Wayne Papers, Philip H. Ward historical collection, ca. 1820-1840. 13 boxes.
Family correspondence. Restricted.

Papers: In the Wayne Family Papers, 1782-1795, 17 items.
Persons represented include Anthony Wayne.


West Chester University of Pennsylvania Libraries
Digital Collections
West Chester, PA
Papers: 1776-1780, 15 letters.
These letters of correspondence with Anthony Wayne were written by individuals such as Generals Washington, Arnold, Gates, Putnam and Schuyler. The letters were given by Anthony Wayne´s son Isaac to the Chester County Athenaeum, a literary association organized in West Chester in 1827. Later they became a part of the collection of the Chester County Cabinet of Natural Science, and when the West Chester Normal School was opened in 1871, they became the property of the School: http://klndigital.passhe.edu/cdm4/browse.php?CISOROOT=%2Fdiaries.


Western Reserve Historical Society
Cleveland, OH
Papers: 1792-1796, 0.2 linear foot.
Primarily letters to Anthony Wayne concerning Army personnel and administration and his campaign against the Indians (1794); together with ordnance return (1794) for Fort Knox and muster roll (1796) for Fort Fayette, Pa.

Papers: 1793, 1 volume.
An orderly book of Anthony Wayne kept from August-December, 1793. Record of the U.S. Army Legion in camp at Hobson’s Choice and Greenville in the Northwest Territory, containing the orders of General Anthony Wayne, Commander in Chief.


Wichita State University Libraries
Special Collections and University Archives
Wichita, KS
Papers: 1792-1840, 0.25 linear foot.
The first item in this collection is entitled “Memoir of the Late Major General Anthony Wayne.” It was written sometime after 1811 and the author has not been identified. Most of the memoir is about General Wayne’s service during the Revolutionary war and includes citations to sources. The second item in the collection is a manuscript copy made circa 1840 of field orders issued by General Wayne from his headquarters at Legion Ville, Pennsylvania, from December 2, 1792 to May 9, 1793. Wayne was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the United States Army in April of 1792. A finding aid is available in the repository and online.