McDOUGALL, Alexander, 1731-1786


Guide to Research Collections

The New-York Historical Society
New York, NY
Papers: In the Alexander McDougall Papers, ca. 1756-1795, 3.2 linear feet.
The papers of Alexander McDougall are mainly from the Revolutionary War, and includes muster rolls, pay rolls, and morning reports, as well as correspondence, accounts, and miscellaneous papers. The material pertains to such matters as the activities of the Sons of Liberty and Committees of Correspondence in New York; attitudes of the American colonists towards Great Britain; expeditions against Canada in 1775-1776; the First New York Regiment; the defense of Westchester County; the lack of military supplies and equipment; Alexander McDougall’s command of the defenses of the Hudson River; enemy movements and plans; prisoners of war; the character of various persons, military and civilian; hardships of the army during the winter of 1781-1782; a dispute between General John Sullivan and Edmund Burke; Alexander McDougall’s court martial on charges preferred by General William Heath; recruiting; the court of inquiry into the loss of Fort Clinton and Fort Montgomery; Tadeusz Kosciuszko’s plans for a hospital at West Point; the building of fortifications at West Point; and the settlement of Alexander McDougall’s estate. A finding aid is available in the repository.

Papers: 1767, 1 volume.
A waste book, 1767 Jun. 1-1771 Jan. 8, kept by New York City merchant Alexander McDougall and recording a variety of mercantile and personal financial transactions. The volume includes an inventory of Alexander McDougall’s money, bills, effects, and debts, and records of accounts receivable in London, St. Croix, and elsewhere; as well as entries recording personal, household, and family expenses, such as house repairs, board for his daughter Betsey, maintenance for his widowed mother, Elizabeth, clothes and provisions for his nephew, John McDougall, etc.; along with purchases and sales of horses, sugar, slaves, oats, flour, timber, etc.; wages earned by his slave, Colerain; and various notes, bonds, commissions, bills of exchange, etc.

Microfilm: In the William Alexander Selected Papers, ca. 1767-1782, 1 linear foot.
Subjects include Alexander McDougall.

Papers: In the Aaron Burr Papers, 1777-1836, approximately 2,000 items.
Correspondents include Alexander McDougall. A finding aid is available in the repository.

Papers: In the Donald F. Clark Collection, n.d., 795 items.
Correspondents include Alexander McDougall.

Papers: In the John Lamb Papers, ca. 1762-1887, 2.4 linear feet.
Correspondents include Alexander McDougall.


Historical Society of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: 1780, 1 volume.
A manuscript orderly book, 28 May-18 August 1780, attributed to Alexander McDougall, containing garrison and brigade orders and descriptions of general court martials, with headquarters at Highlands and Orangetown.


Huntington Library
Manuscripts Department
San Marino, CA
Papers: 1777, 24 pages.
An orderly book of Alexander McDougall’s Division, October 26 - November 11, 1777, in Whitpain and Whitemarsh, Pennsylvania. The title page reads: “Orderly Book No. 7 from October 26 1777 to November 27 1777.”

Papers: 1778, 31 pages.
An orderly book of kept by Alexander McDougall’s headquarters from April 14 - May 20, 1778, during his command at the Hudson Highlands. The title page specifies the book as “Orderly Book No. 9.”


Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: In the Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection, 1777-1783, 5 items.
The items include five letters from Alexander McDougall.

Papers: In the Daniel Roberdeau Papers, 1767-1791, 1 volume.
Correspondents include Alexander McDougall. A finding aid is available in the library.


The Morgan Library
Department of Literary and Historical Manuscripts
New York, NY
Papers: 1777, 1 item.
A letter from Alexander McDougall to the Commissary of the New York troops written on July 31, 1777. In the letter, Alexander McDougall asks for rum, sugar and other necessities.

Papers: 1780, 1 item.
A letter from Alexander McDougall to General Nathanael Greene written on February 18, 1780. In the letter, Alexander McDougall congratulates General Greene on an increase in his family and discusses military and naval operations.

Papers: 1781, 1 item.
A circular letter from Alexander McDougall to John Fisher written on November 17, 1781. In the letter, Alexander McDougall appeals for hogs “brussels” [bristles].

Papers: 1782, 1 item.
A letter from Alexander McDougall to Theodorus Van Wyck and Jonathan Lawrence, Commissioners of Sequestration for Dutchess County, written on April 5, 1782. In the letter, Alexander McDougall writes concerning the application of William Denning to become a tenant on his farm.


New York State Library
Manuscripts and Special Collections
Albany, NY
Papers: 1784, 3 pages.
A letter from Alexander McDougall to the legislature of New York State complaining that while provision was made for the artillery regiment and two infantry regiments by a law passed on 13 April 1782, general officers who served in the war had not been properly recognized by payment for their duty. He argues that other states had given proper recognition to their officers first. Alexander McDougall also mentions General Clinton and other aides as desiring similar attention.


The Rosenbach Museum & Library
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: 1777-1781, 33 items.
The papers received by Alexander McDougall contain correspondence on military matters including twenty-seven letters from George Washington giving orders and news of George Washington’s own progress in New Jersey, anticipated movements of the British, and the privations of the American troops. Also included are two letters from Richard Platt, Alexander McDougall’s aide de camp; one from Aaron Burr; one from Samuel Holden Parsons; a copy of a letter from Philemon Dickinson to John Hancock; and an extract from the same letter in the hand of Charles Thomson, secretary of the Continental Congress.


Yale University Library
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: In the Samuel Blachley Webb Papers, 1756-1819, 7 linear feet.
Subjects include Alexander McDougall. An unpublished finding aid is available in the repository.