DOTY, James Duane, 1799-1865

Guide to Research Collections

Wisconsin Historical Society
Archives Division
Madison, WI
Papers and Microfilm: 1779-1879, 1.2 cubic feet and 4 reels.
The papers of James Duane Doty contain a number of original volumes containing Doty’s notes on an expedition in 1820 to the Upper Mississippi and in 1822 to northern Wisconsin and Michigan, memoranda on Indian customs and vocabularies, drafts of a number of letters up to about 1830, and his private records of cases tried before him as additional judge for the counties of Brown, Crawford, and Michilimackinac, Michigan Territory. Filed with the Doty papers are copies of Circuit Court records for Brown County, mainly for the years 1822-1823. The unbound papers are most numerous for the years 1839-1844 when Doty served as delegate to Congress and governor of Wisconsin Territory. There are references to early road building, to the establishing of a territorial government in Wisconsin and adjusting its boundaries, to the Menominee treaty of 1832, and to prospective immigration to Wisconsin. Among the letters are several from John Jacob Astor, William B. Astor, Lewis Cass, Henry Clay, N. P. Tallmadge, Daniel Webster, James Wilson, Austin E. Wing, and William Woodbridge. Three items concern early Mackinac; a few papers of Doty’s sons, Charles and James, and his daughter, Mary Doty Fitzgerald, are present; as are photostats of two commissions, 1863-1864, from Abraham Lincoln appointing Doty territorial governor of Utah. Also included in the collection are microfilmed copies of documents held by the Henry E. Huntington Library, the John Jacob Astor Papers at the Baker Library at Harvard University, Western Reserve Historical Collections, and the National Archives (also available as photostat copies). Transcriptions of documents held by the Burton Historical Collection, Detroit, Mich., come from items in the Solomon Sibley Papers, William Woodbridge Papers, and other holdings. These copied materials overlap the original papers in subject matter. The Huntington papers (1820-1838) and Baker Library papers (1835-1856) both include information on affairs in Green Bay; the Huntington papers also concern matters involving Indians in Wisconsin and Mackinac. The Western Reserve items date 1777 and 1822-1843. The National Archives items (1836-1841) concern Doty’s nomination as governor of Wisconsin Territory and come from the records of the U.S. Senate. Portions of this collection are available only on microfilm.

Boston Public Library
Boston, MA
Papers: 1 letter.

Brigham Young University
Provo, UT
Papers: 1861, 1 leaf.
A letter from James Duane Doty to Edward Bates written on November 22, 1861.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: In the Henry Rowe Schoolcraft Papers, ca. 1788-1941, 28 linear feet.
Correspondents include James Duane Doty. A finding aid is available in the library.

Minnesota Historical Society
St. Paul, MN
Papers: In the Robert Dickson Papers, 1790-1831, 0.5 cubic foot.
The papers include notes (1822) taken by James Duane Doty from conversations with Dickson, William Morrison, and others on French and English occupation of the Great Lakes region and on Indian life and customs in the Lake Superior region.

Papers: In the Washburn Family Correspondence, 1833-1882, 0.25 cubic foot.
Other authors include James Duane Doty. An inventory is available in the repository.

New-York Historical Society
New York, NY
Papers: 2 letters (August 15, 1827; March 1, 1852) and manuscript of an Indian vocabulary (ca. 1827, 21 pages).
Finding aid in repository.

The Rosenbach Museum and Library
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: 1857, 1 item.
A letter from James Duane Doty to Geo. D. Emerson written on March 8, 1857. In the letter, Doty writes in response to an editorial in Emerson’s Lake Superior miner, Doty supports the formation of the new state of Minnesota against the opposition of Michigan. To prove that Michigan has no right to the Minnesota lands he gives the full history of the establishment and boundaries of Michigan, beginning with the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 and its provisions for creating states.

Papers: 1858, 1 item.
A letter from James Duane Doty to James R. Doolittle written on March 21, 1858. In the letter, Doty writes that the act for the admission of Minnesota into the U.S. should contain a proviso that Wisconsin’s claims to part of Minnesota should be determined by the Supreme Court after admission. The Wisconsin claims are based on the Northwest Ordinance of 1787.

University of Michigan
The Bentley Library
Ann Arbor, MI
Microfilm: 1823-1841, 2 reels.
Letterbooks of James Duane Doty, 1829-1838; and notes of trials and decisions, 1823-1841. Originals of letterbooks in: Huntington Library, San Marino, California.

University of Michigan Law Library
Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: In Records of the Supreme Court of Michigan Territory, ca. 1824-1850, approximately 400 items and 7 reels of microfilm.
Persons represented include James Duane Doty.

Utah State Historical Society
Salt Lake City, UT
Microfilm: In the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs, Utah Superintendency, Letters Received, 1849-1880, 10 reels.
Correspondents include James D. Doty. An inventory is available in the repository.

Western Reserve Historical Society
Cleveland, OH
Papers: 1822-1859, 0.4 linear foot.
The papers of James Duane Doty contain correspondence, deeds and lists of lots pertaining to land in Menasha, Milwaukee, Green Bay, and the Fox River settlements in Wisconsin, and legal opinions concerning Indian matters..