BARRINGER, Daniel Moreau, 1806-1873

Guide to Research Collections

University of North Carolina
Southern Historical Collection
Chapel Hill, NC
Papers: 1797-1873, approximately 3 linear feet.
The papers of Daniel Moreau Barringer contain family, business, and political correspondence of Daniel Moreau Barringer and members of his family. Included are letters, 1830s-1870s, from numerous North Carolina politicians and public officials, including Daniel Laurens Barringer, David F. Caldwell, Thomas L. Clingman, William Gaston, James Graham, William Alexander Graham, Willie P. Mangum, David L. Swain, and Calvin H. Wiley. Letters concern such issues as state and national politics; positions to be filled by President Zachary Taylor, 1848-1849; slavery; railroads; the University of North Carolina; and gold mining in Cabarrus and Mecklenburg counties, N.C. Papers for the period of Daniel Barringer’s diplomatic service in Spain are especially full and include material relating to Americans taken prisoner after an expedition against the Spanish in Cuba. Letters, 1844-1860, from Daniel Barringer’s brother, Paul Brandon Barringer, cotton planter near Oxford, Miss., discuss agricultrual, economic, social, and political affairs in Mississippi. There are also letters from Franklin L. Smith, a student at the University of North Carolina, 1827 and 1829; about politics during the Civil War; about race relations just after the Civil War; and about student life at Washington College, Lexington, Va., 1867-1869. Papers of Daniel Barringer’s wife, Elizabeth (Wethered) Barringer (1822-1867) of Baltimore, Md., document her life, including treatment she received for cancer, 1866-1867, and the lives of members of the Wethered family. There are also two color photographs of oil portraits of Daniel Moreau Barringer and Elizabeth Barringer painted by Federico de Madrazo y Kuntz during the Barrigers’ stay in Madrid.

Columbia University
Rare Book and Manuscript Library
New York, NY
Papers: In the Jay Family Papers, 1828-1943, 38.5 linear feet.
Correspondents include Daniel Moreau Barringer. A finding aid is available in the repository.

Duke University
Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library
Durham, NC
Papers: In the Charles Lanman Papers, 1804-1887, 62 items.
Correspondents include Daniel Moreau Barringer.

The Morgan Library
Department of Literary and Historical Manuscripts
New York, NY
Papers: 1856, 1 item.
A letter from Daniel Moreau Barringer to Oscar T. Keeler written on May 5, 1856.

Princeton University Library
Department of Rare Books and Special Collections
Princeton, NJ
Papers: ca. 1898-1972, 39.7 cubic feet.
The papers of Daniel Moreau Barringer consist of correspondence, documents, ledgers, photographs of the Meteor Crater (Ariz.) site, and printed matter of Daniel Barringer (Princeton University Class of 1879). The correspondence contains letters which deal with scientific and business activities in mining and meteorology, including those of several companies which Barringer founded or developed, such as the Hanover Bessemer Iron and Copper Company, El Palmarito Leasing Company, the Texas Iron Association, and the Meteor Crater Exploration & Mining Company (general manager, George M. Calvocorresses, a major correspondent). The collection reflects Daniel Barringer’s accomplishment in being the first to advance the theory that Meteor Crater was caused by the fall of a meteoric cluster, probably a small comet. There are also letters by fellow college classmate Woodrow Wilson, whose correspondence indicates that Daniel Barringer was not only a friend but also a personal adviser on mining and geological matters. A guide to the letterbooks is available in the repository.