|Tinted photograph, after Matthew Brady, ca. 1960, Collection of U.S. House of Representatives.|
STEVENS, Thaddeus, a Representative from Pennsylvania; born in Danville, Caledonia
County, Vt. April 4, 1792; attended Peacham Academy and the University of
Vermont at Burlington; was graduated from Dartmouth College, Hanover, N.H., in
1814; moved to Pennsylvania in 1814; studied law; was admitted to the bar in
1816 and commenced practice in Gettysburg; member of the State house of
representatives 1833-1835, 1837, and 1841; delegate to the State constitutional
convention in 1838; appointed as a canal commissioner in 1838; moved to
Lancaster, Pa., in 1842; elected as a Whig to the Thirty-first and
Thirty-second Congresses (March 4, 1849-March 3, 1853); elected as a Republican
to the Thirty-sixth and to the four succeeding Congresses and served from March
4, 1859, until his death; chairman, Committee on Ways and Means (Thirty-seventh
and Thirty-eighth Congresses), Committee on Appropriations (Thirty-ninth and
Fortieth Congresses); chairman of the managers appointed by the House of
Representatives in 1868 to conduct the impeachment proceedings against Andrew
Johnson, President of the United States; died in Washington, D.C., on August
11, 1868; interment in Shreiners Cemetery, Lancaster, Pa.
BibliographyTrefousse, Hans Louis.
Thaddeus Stevens: Nineteenth-Century Egalitarian. Chapel Hill:
University of North Carolina Press, 1997.