|Oil on canvas, Boris B. Gordon, 1959, Collection of U.S. House of Representatives |
MARTIN, Joseph William, Jr., a Representative from Massachusetts; born in North Attleboro,
Bristol County, Mass., November 3, 1884; attended the public schools and was
graduated from North Attleboro High School in 1902; reporter on the Attleboro
Sun and Providence Journal 1902-1908; publisher of the Evening Chronicle at
North Attleboro since 1908 and also publisher of the Franklin (Mass.) Sentinel;
member of the State house of representatives 1912-1914; served in the State
senate 1914-1917; chairman of the Massachusetts Street Railway Investigating
Commission in 1917; chairman of the Massachusetts legislative campaign
committee in 1917; executive secretary of the Republican State committee
1922-1925; delegate to the Republican National Conventions in 1916, 1936, 1940,
1948, 1952, and 1956; permanent chairman of the Republican National Conventions
in 1940, 1944, 1948, 1952, and 1956; member of the Republican National
Committee, serving as chairman 1940-1942; elected as a Republican to the
Sixty-ninth and to the twenty succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1925-January 3,
1967); minority leader in the Seventy-sixth, Seventy-seventh, Seventy-eighth,
Seventy-ninth, Eighty-first, Eighty-second, Eighty-fourth, and Eighty-fifth
Congresses; Speaker of the House of Representatives (Eightieth and Eighty-third
Congresses); unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1966; returned to North
Attleboro, Mass.; died in Hollywood, Fla., March 6, 1968; interment in Mount
Hope Cemetery, North Attleboro, Mass.
BibliographyHasenfus, William A. Managing Partner: Joseph W. Martin, Jr.,
Republican Leader of the United States House of Representatives, 1939-1959.
Ph.D. diss., Boston College, 1986; Martin, Joseph William.
My First Fifty Years in Politics, as told to Robert J.
Donovon. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1960.