COOLIDGE, Calvin, a Vice President and 30th President of the United States; born John Calvin Coolidge in Plymouth, Windsor County, Vt., July 4, 1872, but dropped John from his name upon graduating from college; attended the public schools, Black River Academy, Ludlow, Vt., and St. Johnsbury Academy; graduated from Amherst College, Massachusetts, in 1895; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1897 and commenced practice in Northampton, Mass.; member of the city council in 1899; city solicitor 1900-1902; clerk of courts in 1904; member, State house of representatives 1907-1908; resumed the practice of his profession in Northampton; elected mayor of Northampton in 1910 and 1911; member, State senate 1912-1915, and served as president of that body in 1914 and 1915; lieutenant governor of Massachusetts 1916-1918; Governor of Massachusetts 1919-1920; elected Vice President of the United States on the Republican ticket headed by Warren G. Harding in 1920; was inaugurated on March 4, 1921, and served until August 3, 1923; upon the death of President Warren G. Harding became President of the United States on August 3, 1923; elected President of the United States in 1924 for the term expiring March 3, 1929; was not a candidate for renomination in 1928; served as chairman of the Nonpartisan Railroad Commission and as honorary president of the Foundation of the Blind; died at 'The Beeches,' Northampton, Mass., January 5, 1933; interment in Notch Cemetery, Plymouth, Vt.
BibliographyCoolidge, Calvin. The Autobiography of Calvin Coolidge. New York: Cosmopolitan Book Corp., 1929; McCoy, Donald.
Calvin Coolidge: The Quiet President. New York: Macmillan, 1967.