WHITEHILL, Robert, (brother of John Whitehill and uncle of James Whitehill),
a Representative from Pennsylvania; born in Pequea, Lancaster County, Pa., July
21, 1738; attended the common schools; settled in Cumberland County; member of the State
constitutional convention in July 1776 that approved the Declaration of Independence; member of the
council of safety in 1777; delegate to the State constitutional convention in 1790; member of the State
house of representatives 1797-1800; served in the State senate 1801-1804, and was speaker of the
senate in 1804 during the impeachment trials of the supreme court judges of Pennsylvania; elected as a
Republican to the Ninth Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of John A. Hanna; reelected
to the Tenth and to the three succeeding Congresses and served from November 7, 1805, until his
death at Lauther Manor, Cumberland County, Pa., April 8, 1813; interment in the Silver Spring
Presbyterian Church Cemetery, Hampden Township, near Camp Hill, Pa.
BibliographyCrist, Robert Grant. Robert Whitehill and the
Struggle for Civil Rights: A Paper Presented Before the Hamilton Library and Historical
Association of Cumberland County, Carlisle, Pa., on March 20, 1958. Lemoyne, Pa.:
Lemoyne Trust Co., 1958.