WASHINGTON, George, (granduncle of George Corbin Washington),
a Delegate from Virginia and first President of the United States;
born at Wakefield, near Popes Creek, Westmoreland County, Va., February 22,
1732; raised in Westmoreland County, Fairfax County and King George County;
attended local schools and engaged in land surveying; appointed adjutant
general of a military district in Virginia with the rank of major in 1752; in
November 1753 was sent by Lieutenant Governor Dinwiddie, of Virginia, to
conduct business with the French Army in the Ohio Valley; in 1754 was promoted
to the rank of lieutenant colonel and served in the French and Indian war,
becoming aide-de-camp to General Braddock in 1755; appointed as commander in
chief of Virginia forces in 1755; resigned his commission in December 1758 and
returned to the management of his estate at Mount Vernon in 1759; served as a
justice of the peace 1760-1774, and as a member of the Virginia house of
burgesses 1758-1774; delegate to the Williamsburg convention of August 1774;
Member of the First and Second Continental Congresses in 1774 and 1775;
unanimously chosen June 15, 1775, as commander in chief of all the forces
raised or to be raised; commanded the Continental armies throughout the war for
independence; resigned his commission December 23, 1783, and returned to
private life at Mount Vernon; was delegate to, and president of, the Federal
Convention in Philadelphia in 1787 and signed the Constitution; unanimously
elected as the first President of the United States, being inaugurated April
30, 1789, in New York City; unanimously reelected in 1792 and served until
March 3, 1797, declining a renomination; again appointed as lieutenant general
and commander of the United States Army July 3, 1798, and served until his
death on December 14, 1799, in Mount Vernon, Va.; posthumously appointed as
General of the Armies of the United States July 4, 1976; interment in the vault
at Mount Vernon.
BibliographyEllis, Joseph J.
His Excellency, George Washington. New York: Alfred A. Knopf,
2004; Washington, George.
Writings. [Selected by John H. Rhodehamel]. New York: Library
of America, 1997.