WASHBURN, Israel, Jr., (brother of Elihu Benjamin Washburne, Cadwallader Colden Washburn,
and William Drew Washburn),
a Representative from Maine; born in Livermore, Androscoggin County,
Maine, June 6, 1813; attended the common schools and was educated by private
tutors; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1834 and commenced practice in
Orono, Penobscot County, Maine; member of the State house of representatives in
1842 and 1843; unsuccessful candidate for the Thirty-first Congress in 1848;
elected as a Whig to the Thirty-second and Thirty-third Congresses, as a
Republican to the Thirty-fourth, Thirty-fifth, and Thirty-sixth Congresses and
served from March 4, 1851, to January 1, 1861, when he resigned, having been
elected Governor; chairman, Committee on Elections (Thirty-fourth Congress);
Governor of Maine in 1861 and 1862; declined to be a candidate for
renomination; appointed by President Lincoln as collector of customs at
Portland, Maine, and served from October 31, 1863, until March 16, 1877, when
he resigned; served as president of the board of trustees of Tufts College,
Medford, Mass.; engaged in literary pursuits; died in Philadelphia, Pa., on May
12, 1883; interment in Mount Hope Cemetery, Bangor, Maine.
BibliographyHunt, Gaillard, comp.
Israel, Elihu, and Cadwallader Washburn: A Chapter in American
Biography. New York: Macmillan, 1925.