SMITH, Gerrit, a Representative from New York; born in Utica, N.Y., March 6, 1797;
moved to Peterboro in 1806; attended an academy in Clinton, N.Y.; was graduated
from Hamilton College, Clinton, N.Y., in 1818; studied law; engaged in the
management of a large estate which he inherited; delegate to the State
conventions in 1824 and 1828; unsuccessful Liberty Party candidate for governor
in 1840; unsuccessful presidential candidate in 1848; was admitted to the bar
in 1853 and commenced practice in Peterboro, N.Y.; elected as a Free-Soil
candidate to the Thirty-third Congress and served from March 4, 1853, until
August 7, 1854, when he resigned; resumed the practice of his profession, and
was a publicist and philanthropist; he revived the Anti-Dramshop Party, but was
a delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1872 and supported Grant;
died in New York City December 28, 1874; interment in Peterboro Cemetery,
Peterboro, Madison County, N.Y.
BibliographyHarlow, Ralph V.
Gerrit Smith, Philanthropist and Reformer. New York: H. Holt
and Co., 1939. Reprint, New York: Russell & Russell .