ROSECRANS, William Starke, a Representative from California; born in Kingston, Ross County,
Ohio, September 6, 1819; completed preparatory studies; was appointed to the
United States Military Academy at West Point in 1838 and graduated in 1842;
brevetted second lieutenant, United States Corps of Engineers, July 1, 1842;
second lieutenant April 3, 1843; assistant professor of engineering at the
United States Military Academy 1843-1847; in charge of various Government
surveys and improvements 1843-1853; resigned from the Army April 1, 1854;
engaged as an architect and civil engineer, with residence in Cincinnati;
president of the Coal River Navigation Co., Kanawha County, Va. (now West
Virginia), in 1856; organized the Preston Coal Oil Co. in 1857 and engaged in
the manufacture of kerosene; during the Civil War reentered the service on June
7, 1861, as colonel of the Twenty-third Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry;
commissioned brigadier general, United States Army, May 16, 1861; major
general, United States Volunteers, March 21, 1862; resigned from the United
States Army March 28, 1867; moved to California and settled in Los Angeles;
United States Minister to Mexico in 1868 and 1869; again engaged in civil
engineering; president of the Safety Powder Co., Los Angeles, Calif., in 1875;
elected as a Democrat to the Forty-seventh and Forty-eighth Congresses (March
4, 1881-March 3, 1885); chairman, Committee on Military Affairs (Forty-eighth
Congress); was not a candidate for renomination in 1884; regent of the State
university in 1884 and 1885; Register of the Treasury 1885-1893; reappointed
brigadier general on the retired list, United States Army (act of Congress,
February 27, 1889), and retired March 1, 1889; died near Redondo, Los Angeles
County, Calif., March 11, 1898; interment in Rosedale Cemetery; reinterment in
the Arlington National Cemetery, May 17, 1902.
BibliographyLamers, William M.
The Edge of Glory: A Biography of General William S.
Rosecrans. New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1961.