|Image courtesy of the Puerto Rican Cultural Institute|
MUÑOZ RIVERA, Luis, a Resident Commissioner from Puerto Rico; born in Barranquitas,
P.R., July 17, 1859; attended the common schools; engaged in commerce and
general business; founded La Democracia, a daily newspaper, in Ponce, P.R., in
1889; was sent to Madrid in 1896 as a special representative to confer with the
Liberal Party of Spain on establishing home rule in Puerto Rico; one of the
founders of the Liberal Party in Puerto Rico in 1897; appointed secretary of
state under the home-rule government and president of the cabinet in 1897;
created and organized the insular police; resigned in 1898, when American
sovereignty was declared, but his resignation not being accepted, he continued
to serve until 1899; representative of his party to Washington, D.C., regarding
the establishment of free-trade relations between the United States and Puerto
Rico; organized the Federal Party in 1900 and on its dissolution in 1902
organized the Unionist Party; founded the Porto Rico Journal in 1900; published
the Porto Rico Herald in New York City in 1901; served in the Puerto Rico House
of Delegates 1906-1910; presided over a special commission of the house of
delegates which was sent to Washington, D.C., in 1909; elected as a Unionist a
Resident Commissioner to the United States in 1910; reelected in 1912 and 1914
and served from March 4, 1911, until his death in San Juan, P.R., November 15,
1916; interment in San Antonio de Paduas Cemetery, Barranquitas, P.R.
Puerto Rican Patriot; The Life of Luis Muñoz Rivera.
New York: Crowell-Collier Press, 1969.