PULITZER, Joseph, a Representative from New York; born in Makdo, near Budapest, Hungary, April
10, 1847; received his early training from a private tutor; immigrated to the United States in 1864;
enlisted as a private in the Union Army at the age of seventeen in the First Regiment, New York
(Lincoln) Cavalry, in Kingston, N.Y., September 30, 1864; mustered out in Alexandria, Va., June 5,
1865; resumed civil life in St. Louis, Mo.; studied law and was admitted to practice by the supreme
court of Missouri; entered journalism in 1867 as a reporter on the St. Louis Westliche Post and
became managing editor and part proprietor; elected to the Missouri legislature in 1869; delegate to
the Reform Republican Convention at Cincinnati in 1872; member of the State constitutional
convention in 1874; founded the St. Louis Post-Dispatch December 10, 1878, and continued to own
and publish it until his death; delegate to the Democratic National Convention in 1880; moved to New
York City in the Spring of 1883 and bought the New York World; elected as a Democrat to the
Forty-ninth Congress and served from March 4, 1885, until April 10, 1886, when he resigned; died
aboard his yacht in the harbor of Charleston, S.C., October 29, 1911; interment in Woodlawn
Cemetery, New York City.
BibliographyJuergens, George. Joseph Pulitzer and the New
York World. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1966; Swanberg, W.A. Pulitzer. New York: Charles Scribners Sons, 1967.