PIERCE, Walter Marcus, a Representative from Oregon; born on a farm near Morris, Grundy
County, Ill., May 30, 1861; attended the common schools, Morris (Ill.) Academy,
and the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor; taught school in Grundy County,
Ill., 1877-1880, and in Franklin County, Kans., in 1881; moved to Oregon and
taught school in Milton and Weston, Umatilla County, 1883-1890; superintendent
of schools of Umatilla County, Oreg., 1886-1890; county clerk of Umatilla
County 1890-1894; was graduated from the law department of Northwestern
University, Evanston, Ill., in 1896; was admitted to the bar and practiced in
Pendleton, Oreg., 1895-1907; engaged in banking and in the power and light
business 1898-1907; operated stock and wheat farms 1907-1937; served in the
Oregon senate 1903-1907 and 1917-1921; Governor of Oregon 1923-1927; member of
the board of regents of Oregon State College 1905-1927; delegate to all
Democratic State conventions from 1890 to 1908; delegate to the Democratic
National Conventions in 1920, 1932, and 1936; Democratic National committeeman
from Oregon 1932-1936; elected as a Democrat to the Seventy-third and to the
four succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1933-January 3, 1943); unsuccessful
candidate for reelection in 1942 to the Seventy-eighth Congress; died at his
home in Eola Hills, west of Salem, Oreg., March 27, 1954; remains were cremated
and the ashes deposited in Mount Crest Abbey Mausoleum, Salem, Oreg.
Bibliography Pierce, Walter M.
Oregon Cattleman-Governor-Congressman: Memoirs and Times of Walter M.
Pierce. Edited by Arthur H. Bone. Portland: Oregon Historical Society,
1981; Schwartz, Gerald. Walter M. Pierce and the Tradition of Progressive
Reform: A Study of Eastern Oregons Great Democrat. Ph.D. dissertation,
Washington State University, 1969.