MIDDLETON, Henry, (son of Arthur Middleton and grandson of Henry Middleton [1717-1784]),
a Representative from South Carolina; born in London, England, September 28,
1770; his parents, then traveling in Europe, returned a year later to South Carolina; pursued classical
studies with tutors at his fathers estate, Middleton Place, near Charleston, S.C., with a year in
England; returned to America after his fathers death in 1787; later returned to England and resided at
Clifton, Gloucestershire, until his return to Charleston in 1800; engaged in planting in South Carolina;
member of the State house of representatives 1802-1810; elected to the State senate 1810; elected
Governor of South Carolina in December 1810 and served until December 1812; elected as a
Republican to the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Congresses (March 4, 1815-March 3, 1819); unsuccessful
candidate for renomination in 1818; Minister to Russia from April 6, 1820, to August 3, 1830; leader
of the Union Party of South Carolina and vice president of the Union Convention in 1833; retired to
private life; died in Charleston, S.C., June 14, 1846; interment in the family mausoleum at Middleton
Place, near Charleston, S.C.
BibliographyBergquist, Harold E., Jr. Russo-American Economic
Relations in the 1820s: Henry Middleton as a Protector of American Economic Interests in Russia and
Turkey. East European Quarterly 11 (Spring 1977): 27-41.