JULIAN, George Washington, (1817 - 1899)


"Eminent Upholders in Congress of the War for the Union" (detail), engraving, 1865, Collection of the U.S. House of representatives

JULIAN, George Washington, a Representative from Indiana; born near Centerville, Wayne County, Ind., on May 5, 1817; attended the common schools; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1840 and commenced practice in Greenfield, Ind.; member of the State house of representatives in 1845; delegate to the Buffalo Free-Soil Convention in 1848; elected as a Free-Soiler to the Thirty-first Congress (March 4, 1849-March 3, 1851); unsuccessful candidate for election in 1850 to the Thirty-second Congress; unsuccessful candidate for Vice President of the United States on the Free-Soil ticket in 1852; delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1856; elected as a Republican to the Thirty-seventh and to the four succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1861-March 3, 1871); chairman, Committee on Public Lands (Thirty-eighth through Forty-first Congresses), Committee on Expenditures in the Department of the Navy (Thirty-ninth Congress); unsuccessful candidate for Vice President of the United States as a Liberal Republican in 1872; appointed by President Cleveland surveyor general of New Mexico and served from July 1885 until September 1889; returned to Indiana and settled in Irvington; engaged in literary pursuits; died in Irvington, a suburb of Indianapolis, Ind., July 7, 1899; interment in Crown Hill Cemetery, Indianapolis, Ind.


Bibliography

Julian, George Washington. Political Recollections, 1840 to 1872. Chicago: Jansen, McClurg and Co., 1884; Riddleberger, Patrick W. George Washington Julian, Radical Republican. Indianapolis: Indiana Historical Bureau, 1966.