JOHNSON, Tom Loftin, a Representative from Ohio; born in Georgetown, Scott County, Ky.,
July 18, 1854; moved to Indiana in boyhood; attended the public schools;
employed in a rolling mill; clerk in a street-railway office in Louisville,
Ky., 1869-1875; later became secretary of the company; invented several
street-railway devices; purchased a street railway in Indianapolis, Ind.; later
acquired large street-railway interests in Cleveland, Detroit, and Brooklyn;
settled in Cleveland, Ohio; became interested in rolling mills and iron
manufacturing; unsuccessful Democratic candidate for election in 1888 to the
Fifty-first Congress; elected as a Democrat to the Fifty-second and Fifty-third
Congresses (March 4, 1891-March 3, 1895); unsuccessful candidate for reelection
in 1894 to the Fifty-fourth Congress; mayor of Cleveland, Ohio, 1901-1909;
unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1909; unsuccessful Democratic
candidate for Governor of Ohio in 1903; died in Cleveland, Ohio, April 10,
1911; interment in Green-Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn, N.Y.
BibliographyMassouh, M. Innovations in Street Railways Before Electric
Traction: Tom L. Johnsons Contributions.
Technology and Culture 18 (April 1977): 202-17; Murdock,
Eugene C. Life of Tom L. Johnson. Ph.D. diss., Columbia University, 1951.