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HAYES, Rutherford Birchard, a Representative from Ohio and 19th President of the United States;
born in Delaware, Delaware County, Ohio, October 4, 1822; attended the common
schools, the Methodist Academy in Norwalk, Ohio, and the Webb Preparatory
School in Middletown, Conn.; graduated from Kenyon College, Gambier, Ohio, in
August 1842 and from the Harvard Law School in January 1845; admitted to the
bar on May 10, 1845, and commenced practice in Lower Sandusky (now Fremont);
moved to Cincinnati in 1849 and resumed the practice of law; city solicitor
1857-1859; commissioned major of the Twenty-third Regiment, Ohio Volunteer
Infantry, June 27, 1861; lieutenant colonel October 24, 1861; colonel October
24, 1862; brigadier general of Volunteers October 9, 1864; brevetted major
general of Volunteers March 3, 1865; elected as a Republican to the
Thirty-ninth and Fortieth Congresses and served from March 4, 1865, to July 20,
1867, when he resigned, having been nominated for Governor of Ohio; Governor
1868-1872; unsuccessful candidate for election to the Forty-third Congress;
again elected Governor and served from January 1876 to March 2, 1877, when he
resigned, having been elected President of the United States; was inaugurated
March 5, 1877, and served until March 3, 1881; died in Fremont, Sandusky
County, Ohio, January 17, 1893; interment in Oakwood Cemetery; following the
gift of his home to the State of Ohio for the Spiegel Grove State Park, was
reinterred there in 1915.
BibliographyHoogenboom, Ari Arthur.
The Presidency of Rutherford B. Hayes. Lawrence: University
Press of Kansas, 1988; Trefousse, Hans Louis.
Rutherford B. Hayes. New York: Times Books, 2002; Williams, T.
Hayes: The Diary of a President 1875-1881, Covering the Disputed
Election, the End of Reconstruction, and the Beginning of Civil
Service. New York: D. McKay Co., .