|Around the Capital (detail), engraving, Thomas Fleming, 1902, Collection of U.S. House of Representatives|
HAUGEN, Gilbert Nelson, a Representative from Iowa; born near Orfordville, Rock County,
Wis., April 21, 1859; attended the rural schools; moved to Decorah, Winneshiek
County, Iowa, in 1873 and engaged in agricultural pursuits; attended
Breckenridge College, Decorah, Iowa, and Academic and Commercial College,
Janesville, Wis.; engaged in various enterprises, principally real estate and
banking; moved to Northwood, Iowa, in 1886 and engaged in banking; treasurer of
Worth County, Iowa, 1887-1893; in 1890 organized the Northwood Banking Co. and
became its president; member of the State house of representatives 1894-1898;
elected as a Republican to the Fifty-sixth and to the sixteen succeeding
Congresses (March 4, 1899-March 3, 1933); chairman, Committee on Expenditures
in the Department of the Interior (Sixtieth Congress), Committee on Agriculture
(Sixty-sixth through Seventy-first Congresses); co-sponsor of the McNary-Haugen
farm bill in 1927; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1932 to the
Seventy-third Congress; died at Northwood, Iowa, July 18, 1933; interment in
Sunset Rest Cemetery, Northwood, Iowa.
BibliographyHarstad, Peter T., and Bonnie Lindemann. Gilbert N.
Haugen: Norwegian-American Farm Politician. Iowa City: State
Historical Society of Iowa, 1992; Michael, Bonnie. Gilbert N. Haugen.
Apprentice Congressman. Palimpsest 59 (July/August 1978):