GILLIGAN, John Joyce, a Representative from Ohio; born in Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio, March 22,
1921; graduated from St. Xavier High School in 1939, the University of Notre Dame in 1943, and the
University of Cincinnati in 1947; served as a lieutenant (jg.) in the United States Naval Reserve as a
destroyer gunnery officer in the Atlantic, Pacific, and Mediterranean Theaters, 1942-1945; awarded
the Silver Star for gallantry at Okinawa; instructor in literature at Xavier University, Cincinnati, Ohio,
1948-1953; member of the city council of Cincinnati, 1953-1963; candidate for Ohio
Congressman-at-Large in 1962; elected as a Democrat to the Eighty-ninth Congress (January 3,
1965-January 3, 1967); unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1966 to the Ninetieth Congress;
unsuccessful candidate for United States Senate, 1968; Governor of Ohio, 1971-1975; administrator,
U.S. Agency for International Development, 1977-1979; director, Institute for Public Policy,
1979-1986, and Institute for International Peace Studies, University of Notre Dame, 1986-1992;
director, civic issues forum, University of Cincinnati School of Law; is a resident of Cincinnati, Ohio.
BibliographyLarson, David Richard. Ohios Fighting Liberal: A
Political Biography of John J. Gilligan. Ph.D. dissertation, Ohio State University, 1982.