GIDDINGS, Joshua Reed, a Representative from Ohio; born in Tioga Point (later Athens),
Bradford County, Pa., October 6, 1795; moved with his parents to Canandaigua,
N.Y., in 1795; received a common-school education; again moved with his parents
to Ashtabula County, Ohio, in 1806; completed preparatory studies; served in
the War of 1812; taught school; studied law; was admitted to the bar in
February 1821 and commenced practice in Jefferson, Ohio; member of the Ohio
state house of representatives in 1826; elected as a Whig to the Twenty-fifth
Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Elisha Whittlesey;
reelected to the Twenty-sixth and Twenty-seventh Congresses and resigned on
March 22, 1842 (December 3, 1838-March 22, 1842); censured by the U.S. House of
Representatives on March 22, 1842, in response to his motion in defense of the
slave mutineers in the
Creole case; subsequently elected to the Twenty-seventh
Congress to fill the vacancy caused by his own resignation; reelected as a Whig
to the Twenty-eighth through Thirtieth Congresses, as a Free-Soil candidate to
the Thirty-first through Thirty-third Congresses, elected as an Opposition
Party candidate to the Thirty-fourth Congress, and reelected as a Republican to
the Thirty-fifth Congress (December 5, 1842-March 3, 1859); chairman, Committee
on Claims (Twenty-seventh and Thirty-fourth Congresses); declined to be a
candidate for reelection to the Thirty-sixth Congress in 1858; appointed consul
general to the British North American Provinces by President Abraham Lincoln on
March 25, 1861, and served until his death; died in Montreal, Canada, May 27,
1864; interment in Oakdale Cemetery, Jefferson, Ohio.
BibliographyStewart, James Brewer.
Joshua R. Giddings and the Tactics of Radical Politics.
Cleveland: Press of Case Western Reserve University, 1970.