GALLOWAY, Joseph, a Delegate from Pennsylvania; born at West River, Anne Arundel
County, Md., 1731; moved with his father to Pennsylvania in 1740; received a
liberal schooling; studied law; was admitted to the bar and began practice in
Philadelphia, Pa.; member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives
1757-1775, and served as speaker 1766-1774; Member of the Continental Congress
in 1774; signed the nonimportation agreement, but was opposed to independence
of the Colonies and remained loyal to the King; in December 1776 joined the
British Army of General Howe in New York; moved to England in 1778; the same
year the General Assembly of Pennsylvania convicted him of high treason and
confiscated his estates; died in Watford, Herts, England, August 29, 1803.
BibliographyFerling, John E. The Loyalist Mind: Joseph Galloway and
the American Revolution. University Park: Pennsylvania State
University Press, 1977.