GALLINGER, Jacob Harold, (1837 - 1918)

Senate Years of Service: 1891-1918
Party: Republican

Courtesy U.S. Senate Historical Office

GALLINGER, Jacob Harold, a Representative and a Senator from New Hampshire; born in Cornwall, Ontario, Canada, March 28, 1837; attended the common schools and completed an academic course; became a printer; studied medicine and graduated from the Cincinnati (Ohio) Medical Institute in 1858; studied abroad for two years; returned to the United States and engaged in the practice of medicine and surgery in Concord, N.H.; member, State house of representatives 1872-1873, 1891; member of the State constitutional convention in 1876; member, State senate 1878-1880; was surgeon general of New Hampshire, with the rank of brigadier general 1879-1880; elected as a Republican to the Forty-ninth and Fiftieth Congresses (March 4, 1885-March 3, 1889); declined to be a candidate for reelection in 1888; elected as a Republican to the United States Senate in 1891; reelected in 1897, 1903, 1909, and 1914, and served from March 4, 1891, until his death in Franklin, N.H., August 17, 1918; served as President pro tempore during the Sixty-second Congress; Republican Conference chairman (Sixty-third to Sixty-fifth Congresses); chairman, Committee on Transportation Routes to the Seaboard (Fifty-second Congress), Committee on Pensions (Fifty-fourth to Fifty-seventh Congress), Committee on the District of Columbia (Fifty-seventh to Sixty-second Congresses); chairman of the Merchant Marine Commission 1904-1905; interment in Blossom Hill Cemetery, Concord, N.H.


American National Biography; Dictionary of American Biography; Schlup, Leonard. “Consistent Conservative: Jacob Harold Gallinger and the Presidential Campaign of 1912 in New Hampshire.” International Review of History and Political Science 21 (August 1984): 49-57; U.S. Congress. Memorial Services for Jacob Harold Gallinger. 65th Cong., 3rd sess., 1918-1919. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1919.