|Hon. Robert Brown Elliott, an Eloquent Negro Congressman from Calhouns Old District, South Carolina, Harpers Weekly, 1874, Collection of U.S. House of Representatives|
ELLIOTT, Robert Brown, a Representative from South Carolina; born in England., August 11,
1842; attended public school in England; journalist; studied law; was admitted
to the bar and practiced in Columbia, S.C.; member of the State constitutional
convention in 1868; member of the State house of representatives from July 6,
1868, to October 23, 1870; assistant adjutant general of South Carolina
1869-1871; elected as a Republican to the Forty-second and Forty-third
Congresses and served from March 4, 1871, until his resignation, effective
November 1, 1874; again a member of the State house of representatives
1874-1876, and served as speaker; unsuccessful candidate for election as
attorney general of South Carolina in 1876; moved to New Orleans, La., in 1881
and practiced law until his death there on August 9, 1884; interment in St.
Louis Cemetery No. 2.
BibliographyRobert Brown Elliott in
Black Americans in Congress, 1870-2007. Prepared under the
direction of the Committee on House Administration by the Office of History
& Preservation, U. S. House of Representatives. Washington: Government
Printing Office, 2008; Lamson, Peggy.
The Glorious Failure: Black Congressman Robert Brown Elliott and the
Reconstruction in South Carolina. New York: Norton, 1973.