CUTLER, Manasseh, a Representative from Massachusetts; born in Killingly, Conn., May
13, 1742; was prepared for college by private teacher and was graduated from
Yale College in 1765; taught school in Dedham, Mass., for a short time; engaged
in the whaling business at Edgartown, Marthas Vineyard, Mass.; studied law;
was admitted to the bar in 1767 but did not practice; studied theology, and was
licensed to preach in 1770; ordained to the ministry by the Congregational
Society at Hamilton, Mass., September 11, 1771; appointed chaplain of Colonel
Francis regiment September 5, 1776, and of General Titcombs brigade in 1778;
began the study of medicine the same year and became a skilled physician;
taught navigation; held in esteem for his knowledge of botany and astronomy;
one of the projectors of the Ohio Company in 1787, formed for the purpose of
colonizing the new Territory; drafted the Ordinance of 1787; appointed judge of
the United States Court for Ohio in 1795 by President Washington, but declined;
member of the State house of representatives in 1800; elected as a Federalist
to the Seventh and Eighth Congresses (March 4, 1801-March 3, 1805); was not a
candidate for renomination in 1804; engaged in literary pursuits; died in
Hamilton, Mass., July 28, 1823; interment in Main Street Cemetery.
BibliographyCutler, W.P., and J.P. Cutler.
Life Journals and Correspondence of Rev. Manasseh Cutler. 2
vols. Cincinnati: R. Clarke & Co., 1888; Potts, Louis W. Manasseh Cutler,
Ohio History 96 (Summer/Autumn 1987): 101-23.