CROWNINSHIELD, Jacob, (brother of Benjamin Williams Crowninshield),
a Representative from Massachusetts; born in Salem, Mass., March 31, 1770;
engaged in mercantile pursuits; unsuccessful candidate for election in 1798 to the Sixth Congress to fill
the vacancy caused by the resignation of Dwight Foster; member of the State senate in 1801; was
tendered the position of Secretary of the Navy by President Jefferson, but never entered upon his
duties on account of ill health; elected as a Republican to the Eighth, Ninth, and Tenth Congresses and
served from March 4, 1803, until his death in Washington, D.C., on April 15, 1808; chairman,
Committee on Commerce and Manufactures (Ninth Congress); interment in Harmony Grove
Cemetery, Salem, Mass.
BibliographyReinoehl, John H., ed. Some Remarks on the
American Trade: Jacob Crowninshield to James Madison, 1806. William and Mary
Quarterly 3rd ser., 16 (January 1959): 83-118.