CROWNINSHIELD, Jacob, (brother of Benjamin Williams Crowninshield),
a Representative from Massachusetts; born in Salem, Mass., March 31,
1770; engaged in mercantile pursuits; unsuccessful candidate for election in
1798 to the Sixth Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of
Dwight Foster; member of the State senate in 1801; was tendered the position of
Secretary of the Navy by President Jefferson, but never entered upon his duties
on account of ill health; elected as a Republican to the Eighth, Ninth, and
Tenth Congresses and served from March 4, 1803, until his death in Washington,
D.C., on April 15, 1808; chairman, Committee on Commerce and Manufactures
(Ninth Congress); interment in Harmony Grove Cemetery, Salem, Mass.
BibliographyReinoehl, John H., ed. Some Remarks on the American Trade:
Jacob Crowninshield to James Madison, 1806.
William and Mary Quarterly 3rd ser., 16 (January 1959):