CHANDLER, Joseph Ripley, a Representative from Pennsylvania; born in Kingston, Mass., August 22, 1792;
attended the common schools; engaged in commercial work in Boston; moved to Philadelphia, Pa., in
1815; founded a young ladies seminary; editor of the United States Gazette 1822-1847; member of
the Philadelphia city council 1832-1848; member of the State constitutional convention in 1837;
elected as a Whig to the Thirty-first, Thirty-second, and Thirty-third Congresses (March 4,
1849-March 3, 1855); unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1854 to the Thirty-fourth Congress;
appointed by President Buchanan as Minister to the Two Sicilies and served from June 15, 1858, to
November 15, 1860; president of the board of directors of Girard College; interested in prison reform
and was a delegate to the International Prison Congress held at London in 1872; died in Philadelphia,
Pa., July 10, 1880; interment in New Cathedral Cemetery.
BibliographyGerrity, Frank. The Disruption of the Philadelphia
Whigocracy: Joseph R. Chandler, Anti-Catholicism, and the Congressional Election of 1854.'' Pennsylvania Magazine 111 (April 1987): 161-94.