BURLINGAME, Anson, a Representative from Massachusetts; born in New Berlin, N.Y., November 14,
1820; moved with his parents to Seneca County, Ohio, in 1823, and to Detroit, Mich., in 1833;
attended private schools and the Detroit branch of the University of Michigan; was graduated from the
law department of Harvard University in 1846; was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in
Boston; served in the State senate in 1852; member of the Massachusetts constitutional convention in
1853; elected as a candidate of the American Party to the Thirty-fourth Congress and as a Republican
to the Thirty-fifth and Thirty-sixth Congresses (March 4, 1855-March 3, 1861); unsuccessful
candidate for reelection in 1860 to the Thirty-seventh Congress; appointed Minister to Austria March
22, 1861, but was not accepted by the Austrian Government because of certain opinions he was
known to entertain regarding Hungary and Sardinia; Minister to China from June 14, 1861, to
November 21, 1867; appointed December 1, 1867, by the Chinese Government its ambassador to
negotiate treaties with foreign powers; died in St. Petersburg, Russia, February 23, 1870; interment in
Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Mass.
BibliographyAnderson, David L. Anson Burlingame: Reformer and
Diplomat. Civil War History 25 (December 1979): 293-308; Koo, Telly H. The
Life of Anson Burlingame. Ph.D. diss., Harvard University, 1922.