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ADAMS, Charles Francis, (son of John Quincy Adams and grandson of John Adams),
a Representative from Massachusetts; born in Boston, Mass., August
18, 1807; spent several years with his parents in St. Petersburg, Russia;
attended the Boston Latin School, and was graduated from Harvard University in
1825; studied law; was admitted to the bar on January 6, 1829, and commenced
practice in Boston; member of the Massachusetts house of representatives
1841-1843; member of the Massachusetts state senate 1844-1845; founded the
newspaper Boston Whig in 1846; unsuccessful candidate of the Free-Soil Party
for Vice President of the United States in 1848; elected as a Republican to the
Thirty-sixth and Thirty-seventh Congresses and served from March 4, 1859, to
May 1, 1861, when he resigned to accept a diplomatic position; chairman,
Committee on Manufactures (Thirty-sixth Congress); appointed by President
Lincoln as Minister to England and served from March 20, 1861, to May 13, 1868;
declined the presidency of Harvard University but became one of its overseers
in 1869; died in Boston, Mass., November 21, 1886; interment in Mount Wollaston
Cemetery, Quincy, Norfolk County, Mass.
BibliographyAdams, Charles Francis.
Diary of Charles Francis Adams. 1964. Reprint, edited by
Aïda DiPace Donald and David Donald. 8 vols. Cambridge: Belknap Press of
Harvard University Press, 1986; Duberman, Martin B.
Charles Francis Adams, 1807-1886. 1960. Reprint, Stanford,
Calif.: Stanford University Press, .