BRUCE, Blanche Kelso, 1841-1898


Library of Congress

Extended Bibliography

Brawley, Benjamin. “Blanche K. Bruce, United States Senator." In Negro Builders and Heroes, pp. 127-32. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1937.

Christopher, Maurine. Black Americans in Congress. 1971. Rev. and expanded ed. New York: T.Y. Crowell, 1976. Originally published as America’s Black Congressmen.

Gatewood, Willard B. Aristocrats of Color: The Black Elite, 1880-1920. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1990.

Graham, Lawrence Otis. The Senator and the Socialite: The True Story of America’s First Black Dynasty. New York: HarperCollins, 2006.

Harris, William C. “Blanche K. Bruce of Mississippi: Conservative Assimilationist." In Howard Rabinowitz, ed., Southern Black Leaders of the Reconstruction Era. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1982.

Houston, G. David. “A Negro Senator.” Journal of Negro History 7 (July 1922): 243-56.

Mann, Kenneth Eugene. “Blanche Kelso Bruce: United States Senator Without a Constituency.” Journal of Mississippi History 38 (May 1976): 183-98.

Meyer, Howard N. “Two Gentlemen From Mississippi.” Chicago Jewish Forum 26 (Fall 1967): 28-36.

Office of History and Preservation, Office of the Clerk, Black Americans in Congress, 1870–2007. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2008.

Rabinowitz, Howard N. “Three Reconstruction Leaders: Blanche K. Bruce, Robert Brown Eliott, and Holland Thompson.” In Black Leaders of the Nineteenth Century, edited by Leon Litwack and August Meier, pp. 191-217. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1988.

Shapiro, Samuel. “A Black Senator from Mississippi: Blanche K. Bruce (1841-1898).” Review of Politics 44 (January 1982): 83-109.

Smith, Samuel Denny. The Negro in Congress, 1870-1901. 1940. Reprint. Port Washington, NY: Kennikat Press, 1966.

___. “The Negro in the United States Senate.” In Essays in Southern History, edited by Fletcher M. Green, pp. 49-66. James Sprunt Studies in History and Political Science, vol. 31. 1949. Reprint. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1976.

St. Clair, Sadie Daniel. “The National Career of Blanche Kelso Bruce.” Ph.D. dissertation, New York University, 1947.

Urofsky, Melvin I. “Blanche K. Bruce: United States Senator, 1875-1881.” Journal of Mississippi History 29 (May 1967): 118-41.