Grassman, Curtis Edwin. Prologue to Progressivism: Senator Stephen M. White and the California Reform Impulse, 1875-1905. Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles, 1970.
Mosher, Leroy E., and Robert W. Gates. Stephen M. White, Californian, Citizen, Lawyer, Senator. His Life and His Work. 2 vols. Los Angeles: Times-Mirror Co., 1903.
Taggart, Harold Francis. The Senatorial Election of 1893 in California. California Historical Society Quarterly 19 (March 1940): 59-73.