WASHINGTON, George, 1732-1799

Oil on canvas, John Vanderlyn, 1834, Collection of U.S. House of Representatives

Extended Bibliography

Abbot, W. W. The Young George Washington and His Papers. Charlottesville, VA: University of Virginia Press, 1999.

Aikman, Lonnelle. Rider with Destiny: George Washington. McLean, Va.: Link Press, 1983.

Alden, John Richard. George Washington: A Biography. New York: Wings Books, 1995.

Alexander, Eldon L. “George Washington and the American Founding: Proving Man’s Capacity for Self-Government,” Ph. D. diss., Claremont Graduate University, 1991.

Anderson, Ray Monteith. “George Washington and the Whiskey Insurrection,” M. A. Thesis, American University, 1970.

Asonevich, Walter J. “George Washington’s Speeches and Addresses: Origins of an American Presidential Rhetoric,” Ph. D. diss., University of Delaware, 1987.

Baker, William S. Washington After the Revolution, MDCCLXXXIV-MDCCXCIX (1784-1799). Philadelphia, PA: J. B. Lippincott, Co, 1898.

Bancroft, Aaron. The Life of George Washington, Commander In Chief of the American Army through the Revolutionary War; and the first President of the United States. Boston: Phillips & Samson, 1847.

Bellamy, Francis R. The Private Life of George Washington. New York: Crowell, 1951.

Bloom Sol. Our Heritage: George Washington and the Establishment of the American Union; with a biographical sketch by Ira E. Bennett. New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1944.

Bremer, H. E., editor. George Washington, 1732-1799: Chronology, Documents, Bibliographical AIDS. Dobbs Ferry, N.Y.: Oceana Publications, 1967.

Brookhiser, Richard. Founding Father: Rediscovering George Washington. New York: Free Press, 1996.

Brooks, Elbridge. The True Story of Washington. 1895. Reprint Edition, Boston: Lothrop, Lee & Shepherd, Co, 1939.

Burns, James MacGregor and Susan Dunn. George Washington: (The American Presidents Series). New York: Times Books, 2004.

Callahan, North. George Washington: Soldier and Man. New York: Morrow, 1972.

___. Thanks, Mr. President: The Trail-blazing Second Term of George Washington. New York: Cornwall Books, 1991.

Carrington, Henry B. Washington, The Soldier, by General Henry B. Carrington...with Illustrations, Maps, Chronological Index and Appendices. New York: C. Scribner’s Sons, 1899.

Cecil, E. Life of George Washington. Boston: Crosby, Nichols, and Company, 1859.

Clark, E. Harrison. All Cloudless Glory: The Life of George Washington. Washington, D.C.: Regnery Publishers: Lanham, Md.; Distributed to the trade by National Book Network, 1995-1996.

Clary, David A. Adopted Son: Washington, Lafayette, and the Friendship that saved the Revolution. New York: Bantam Books, 2007.

Condie, Thomas. Biographical Memoirs of the Illustrious Gen. George Washington, late President of the United States of America, etc. containing a history of the principal events of his life, with extracts from his journals, Speeches to Congress, and Public Addresses. Also, a sketch of his private life. Brattlebrough: William Fessenden, 1814.

Corry, John. Life of Gen. George Washington, late President of the United States of America, and Commander In Chief of their armies, during the Revolutionary War. New York: Johnstone & Van Norden, 1825.

Crutchfield, James A. George Washington: First in War, First in Peace. New York: Forge Books, 2005.

Cunliffe, Marcus. George Washington, Man and Monument. Boston: Little, Brown, 1958.

Custis, George Washington Parke. Recollections and Private Memoirs of Washington. 1859. Reprint Edition, Philadelphia: J. W. Bradley, 1861.

Davidson, Thomas W. Wisdom of George Washington: The Detailed Acts and Words of Wisdom That Gave Birth to a Nation. San Antonio, TX: Naylor Co., 1964.

De La Bedoyere, Michael. George Washington. Philadelphia, PA: J. B. Lippincott, 1935.

Decatur, Stephen. Private Affairs of George Washington, From the Records and Accounts of Tobias Lear, Esquire, His Secretary. 1933. Reprint Edition, New York: Da Capo Press, 1969.

Eddy, David W. “George Washington in Command: Speculations on his Revolutionary War leadership,” M. A. Thesis, Lamar University-Beaumont, 1991.

Edmonds, Cyrus R. The Life and Times of General Washington. Two Volumes. London: T. Tegg and Son, 1835-36.

Ellis, Joseph J. His Excellency, George Washington. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2004.

Ellis, Ivan Cheever. “A Study of the Influence of Alexander Hamilton on George Washington,” Ph. D. diss., University of Southern California, 1957.

Emery, Noemie. Washington: A Biography. New York: Putnam, 1976.

Everett, Edward. The Life of George Washington. New York: Sheldon and Company; Boston: Bould and Lincoln, 1860.

Farnell, Robert Stewart. “Postitive Valuations of Politics and Government in the thought of five American Founding Fathers: Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and George Washington,” Ph. D. diss., Cornell University, 1970.

Ferling, John E. The First of Men: A Life of George Washington. Knoxville, TN: University of Tennessee Press, 1988.

___. Setting the World Ablaze: Washington, Adams, Jefferson, and the American Revolution. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.

Fishman, Ethan, William D. Pederson, and Mark J. Rozell, eds. George Washington, Foundation of Presidential Leadership and Character. Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 2001.

Fitzpatrick, John. George Washinton Himself: A Common-Sense Biography Written From His Manuscripts. 1933. Reprint edition, Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1975.

Fleming, Thomas J. First In Their Hearts: A Biography of George Washington. 1968. Reprint edition, New York: Walker, 1984.

Flexner, James Thomas. George Washington: The Forge of Experience, 1732-1775. Boston: Little, Brown, 1965.

___.George Washington and the New Nation, 1783-1793. Boston: Little, Brown, 1970.

___. George Washington: Anguish and Farewell (1793-1799). Boston: Little, Brown, 1972.

___. Washington, the Indispensable Man. 1974. Reprint, New York: New American Library, 1984.

Ford, Henry Jones. Washington and His Colleagues: A Chronicle of the Rise and Fall of Federalism. 1918. Reprint edition, Toronto: Glasgow, Brook; New York: United States Publishers’ Association, 1974.

Ford, Paul Leicester. The True George Washington. 1896. Reprint edition, Freeport, NY: Books for Libraries Press, 1971.

Ford, Worthington Chauncey. George Washington. Two Volumes. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1900.

___. George Washington. Boston: Small, Maynard, & Company, 1910.

Freeman, Douglas Southall. George Washington, A Biography. 7 vols. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1948-1957.

Frost, John. Pictorial Life of George Washington: Embracing a Complete History of the Seven Years’ War, the Revolutionary War, the Formation of the Constitution, and the Administration of Washington. 1848. Reprint edition, Norwich, CT: The Henry Bill Publishing Company, 1876.

Frothingham, Thomas G. Washington, Commander In Chief. Boston, New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1930.

Gaines, James R. For Liberty and Glory: Washington, Lafayette, and Their Revolutions. New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 2007.

Gerwig, George W. Washington, The Young Leader. New York, Chicago: C. Scribner’s Sons, 1923.

Gregg, Gary L. II and Matthew Spalding, eds. Patriot Sage: George Washington and the American Political Tradition. Wilmington, Del.: ISI Books, 1999.

Harrison, James A. George Washington: Patriot, Soldier, Statesman. New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1906.

Hart, Albert Bushnell. George Washington. Chicago: American Library Association, 1927.

___. Washington as President. Washington, D. C.: George Washington Bicentennial Commission, 1931.

Hart, James. The American Presidency in Action, 1789: A Study in Constitutional History. New York: MacMillan Co., 1948.

Harwell, Richard Barksdale. Washington: An Abridgement in One Volume by Richard Harwell of the Seven-volume George Washington by Douglas Southall Freeman. New York: Collier Books; Toronto: Maxwell Macmillan Canada; New York: Maxwell Macmillan International, 1992.

Haworth, Paul Leland. George Washington, Country Gentleman. Indianapolis, IN: Bobbs-Merrill Co., 1925.

Headley, Joel Tyler. Washington and his Generals. New York: C. Scribner, 1853.

___. The Illustrated Life of Washington. New York: G. & F. Bill, 1859.

Heady, Morrison. The Farmer Boy, and how he became Commander-in-Chief. Boston: Walker, Wise, and Co., 1864.

Helderman, Leonard Clifton. George Washington: Patron of Learning. New York: The Century Co., 1932.

Henley, Leonard. Life of Washington. New York: John W. Lovell Co., 1882.

Henriques Peter R. Realistic Visionary: A Portrait of George Washington. Charlottesville, VA: University of Virginia Press, 2006.

Higginbotham, Don, ed. George Washington Reconsidered. Charlottesville, Va.: University Press of Virginia, 2001.

___. George Washington :Uniting A Nation. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2002.

Hill, Frederick Trevor. On the Trail of Washington: A Narrative History of Washington’s Boyhood and Manhood, Based on His Own Writings, Authentic Documents and Other Authoritative Information. 1910. Reprint edition, New York: D. Appleton and Co., 1923.

___. Washington, The Man of Action. New York: D. Appleton and Co., 1914.

Hitechew, Matthew J. “Unanimous Voice, Unanimous Symbol: George Washington During the Revolutionary War,” M. A. Thesis, East Tennessee State University, 2007.

Hossell, Karen Price, ed. George Washington. San Diego, Calif.: Greenhaven Press, 2003.

Hughes, Rupert. George Washington. Three Volumes. New York: W. Morrow & Co., 1926-30.

Johnson, Bradley Tyler. George Washington. New York: D. Appleton and Co., 1894.

Johnson, Paul. George Washington: The Founding Father. New York: Atlas Books/HarperCollins, 2005.

Irving, Washington and Charles Neider, ed. George Washington: A Biography. New York: DaCapo Press, 1994.

Jones, Robert Francis. George Washington. 1979. Revised edition: New York: Fordham University Press, 1986.

___. George Washington: Ordinary Man, Extraordinary Leader. New York: Fordham University Press, 2002.

Kahler, Gerald E. “Gentlemen of the Family: General George Washington’s Aides-de-Camp and Military Secretaries,” M. A. Thesis, University of Richmond, 1997.

___. “Washington in Glory: America in Tears: The nation mourns the death of George Washington, 1799-1800,” Ph. D. diss., College of William and Mary, 2003.

Ketchum, Richard M. The World of George Washington. New York: American Heritage Publishing Co., 1974.

King, Charles Cooper. George Washington. London: Chapman and Hall, 1894.

Kinnaird, Clark. George Washington: The Pictorial Biography. New York: Hastings House, 1967.

Kitman, Marvin. George Washington’s Expense Account. New York: Grove Press; [Berkeley, Calif.]: Distributed by Publishers Group West, [2000?].

Knollenberg, Bernhard. Washington and the Revolution: A Reappraisal; Gates, Conway, and the Continental Congress. New York: MacMillan, 1940.

Krensky, Stephen. George Washington: The Man Who Would Not Be King. New York: Scholastic Inc., 1991.

Langston, Thomas S. and Michael G. Sherman. George Washington. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly Press, 2003.

Leibiger, Stuart E. “Founding Friendship: The George Washington-James Madison Collaboration and the Creation of the American Republic,” Ph. D. Diss., University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1995.

___. Founding Friendship: George Washington, James Madison, and the Creation of the American Republic. Charlottesville, VA: University Press of Virginia, 1999.

Lengel, Edward G. General George Washington: A Military Life. New York: Random House, 2005.

Lodge, Henry Cabot. George Washington. 1889. Reprint edition, Foreword by George Grant. Nashville, TN: Cumberland House, 2004.

Longmore, Paul K. “The Invention of George Washington (Revolution, Colonial, Intellectual),” Ph. D. diss., Claremont Graduate University, 1984.

___. The Invention of George Washington. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1988.

Lossing, Benson John. Life of Washington: A Biography, Personal, Military, and Political. 1860. Reprint Edition, Philadelphia, G. Barrie’s Sons, 1914.

___. Washington and the American Republic. Three Volumes. New York: Virtue & Yorston, 1870.

MacDonald, William. George Washington; A Brief Biography. [Mount Vernon, Va.]: Mount Vernon Ladies’ Association, 1987.

Madison, Lucy Foster. Washington. Philadelphia: The Penn Publishing Co., 1925.

McDonald, Forrest. The Presidency of George Washington. New York: Norton, 1975.

McNeilly, Mark. George Washington and the Art of Business: Leadership Principles of America’s First Commander-in-Chief. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008.

Marshall, John. George Washington. Five Volumes, 1804-07. Reprint edition, introduction by Marcus Cunliffe. New York: Chelsea House, 1981.

___. The Life of George Washington. Edited by Robert Faulkner and Paul Carrese. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 2000.

Meyer, Freeman W. “George Washington as a Popular Leader: Relations with Obscure People,” Ph. D. diss., Cornell University, 1951.

Mirriam, Ida C. Washington’s Boyhood: A Book for Young People. Chicago: Albert Whitman Co., 1923.

Morgan, Edmund Sears. The Meaning of Independence: John Adams, George Washington, Thomas Jefferson. 1976. Reprint edition, Charlottesville, VA: University of Virginia Press, 2004.

___. The Genius of George Washington. New York: Norton, 1980.

Mosley, James D. “George Washington: Seeds of Statesmanship, 1753-1758,” Claremont Graduate University, 1974.

Murphy, Mabel. When Washington Was Young. Chicago: Laidlaw Brothers, 1931.

Nettels, Curtis P. George Washington and American Independence. 1951. Reprint edition, Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1976.

Niles, Blair. Martha’s Husband: An Informal Portrait of George Washington. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1951.

Nordham, George Washington. George Washington and the Law. Chicago: Adams Press, 1982.

___. George Washington: President of the Constitutional Convention. Chicago: Adams Press, 1987.

___. The Age of Washington: George Washington’s Presidency, 1789-1797. Chicago: Adams Press, 1989.

Norton, John N. Life of General Washington. New York: General Protestant Episcopal S. School Union, and Church Book Society, 1860.

O’Boyle, James. Life of General Washington, The Father of Modern Democracy. London, New York: Longmans, Green, and Co., 1915.

Ogden, Henry A. George Washington, A Book for Young People, Pictures & Text by H. A. Ogden; with a foreword by Harrison H. Dodge. New York, London: The Century Co., 1932.

Pannell, C. H. H. The Life of George Washington: A New Biography of the Father of His Country. New York: Beadle and Adams, 1876.

Parsons, Eugene. George Washington: A Character Sketch. Chicago: The University Association, 1898.

___. The Life of George Washington, First President of the United States, 1789-1797. Chicago: Laird & Lee, 1913.

Paulding, James K. A Life of Washington. 1835. Reprint edition, Port Washington, NY: Kennikat Press, 1970.

Peterson, Barbara B. George Washington, America’s Moral Exemplar. New York: Nova History Publications, 2005.

Peterson, Raymond G. “George Washington, Capitalistic Farmer: A documentary study of Washington’s business activities and the sources of his wealth,” Ph. D. diss., Ohio State University, 1970.

Phelps, Elizabeth W. Memoir of Washington; Written for Boys and Girls, and dedicated to the pupils, past and present, of Mrs. E. B. Phelps. Cincinnati, OH: R. Clarke & Co., 1874.

Phelps, Glenn A. George Washington and American Constitutionalism. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 1993.

Pollard, Josephine. The Life of George Washington. In Words of One Syllable. New York: McLoughlin Brothers, 1893.

Pratt, Julius W. The Mantle of George Washington. Buffalo, NY: University of Buffalo, 1953.

Ramsay, David. The Life of George Washington, Commander in Chief of the Armies of the United States in the war which established their independence; and first President of the United States. 1807. Reprint edition, Ithaca, NY: Mack, Andrus, & Woodruff, 1840.

Randall, Willard Sterne. George Washington: A Life. New York: Henry Holt & Co., 1997.

Ray, John Allen. “The Founder in Political Theory and in American Practice: The Meaning of George Washington,” Ph. D. diss., University of Chicago, 1988.

Reuter, Frank T. Trials and Triumphs: George Washington’s Foreign Policy. Fort Worth, TX: Texas Christian University Press, 1983.

Richards, Augustus L. Washington, Steuben, and the Continental Army: Servants of Democracy: & more. Compiled and edited by Mary Helen Eppright Jones, Ann Rogers Stanek, and Edward L. Jones. Remsen, N.Y.: Friends of Baron Steuben, 2000.

Rideing, William H. George Washington. The MacMillan Company, 1916.

Ritchey, David B. “George Washington’s Development as an Espionage Chief,” M. S. Thesis, University of North Texas, 1993.

Ritter, Halsted L. Washington as a business man, by Halsted L. Ritter with an introduction by Albert Bushnell Hart. New York: Sears Publishing Company, 1931.

Rozell, Mark J., William D. Pederson, and Frank J. Williams, eds. George Washington and the Origins of the American Presidency. Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 2000.

Russell, Ada. George Washington, by Ada Russell...with frontispiece in color and four black and white illustrations. New York: Frederick A. Stokes Co., 1921.

Sawyer, Joseph D. Washington. Two Volumes. New York: The MacMillan Co., 1927.

Sayen, William G. “‘A Compleat Gentleman:’ The Making of George Washington,” Ph. D. diss., University of Connecticut, 1998.

Schaaf, Gregory L. “The Morgan Papers: The impact of George Morgan and George Washington in formulating Indian policies at the outbreak of the American Revolution in 1776,” Ph. D. diss., University of California, Santa Barbara, 1984.

Schmidt, Ferdinand. George Washington, tr. from the German of Ferdinand Schmidt. Chicago: A. C. McClurg & Co., 1911.

Schmucker, Samuel M. The Life and Times of George Washington. Philadelphia, PA: J. E. Potter and Company, 1859.

Schroeder, John Frederick. Life and Times of Washington: Containing a Particular Account of National Principles and Events, and of the Illustrious Men of the Revolution. Two Volumes. New York: Johnson, Fry, and Company, 1857-61.

___. Life and Times of Washington, Schroeder-Lossing; Rev., Enl. and Enriched: And With a Special Introuduction by Edward C. Towne, B. A. Four Volumes. Albany, NY: The Washington Press, Co., 1903.

Schwartz, Barry. George Washington: The Making of an American Symbol. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1990.

Scudder, Horace E. George Washington, An Historical Biography. 1889. Revised edition, Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin, Co., 1924.

Sears, Louis Martin. George Washington. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Company, 1932.

___. George Washington & the French Revolution. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, [1973].

Seelye, Elizabeth E. The Story of Washington; with over 100 illus. by Allegra Eggleston; ed., with and introd. by Edward Eggleston. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1893.

Simpson, Stephen. The Lives of George Washington and Thomas Jefferson: With a Parallel... Philadelphia, PA: H. Young, 1833.

Smith, James Morton. George Washington: A Profile. New York: Hill and Wang, 1969.

Smith, Jessie R. The Story of Washington...Illustrated by Children. Revised edition, New York: W. B. Harrison, 1898.

Smith, Richard Norton. Patriarch: George Washington and the New American Nation. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1993.

Smyth, Clifford. George Washington, The Story of the First American. New York & London: Funk & Wagnalls Co., 1931.

Sparks, Jared. The Life of George Washington. 1839. Reprint edition, New York: The Perkins Book Company, 1902.

Stephenson, Nathaniel W. George Washington. Two Volumes. New York: Oxford University Press, 1940.

Stoddard, William O. George Washington. New York: White, Stokes, & Allen, 1886.

Sturdevant, Rick W. “Quest for Eden: George Washington’s Frontier Land Interests,” Ph. D. diss., University of California, Santa Barbara, 1982.

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Swiggett, Howard. The Great Man: George Washington as a human being. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1953.

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___. George Washington; A Biography in his Own Words. Edited by Ralph K. Andrist. New York: Newsweek; distributed by Harper & Row, [1972].

___. George Washington: A Collection. Compiled and edited by W. B. Allen. Indianapolis: Liberty Classics, 1988.

___. George Washington Remembers: Reflections on the French and Indian War. Edited by Fred Anderson. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2004.

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___. George Washington’s Diaries: An Abridgment. Dorothy Twohig, editor. Charlottesville, Va.: University Press of Virginia, 1999.

___. The Papers of George Washington. Edited by W. W. Abbot. 10 vols. to date. Charlottesville, Va.: The University Press of Virginia, 1983.

___. Rules of Civility: The 110 Precepts that Guided our First President in War and Peace. Edited and with commentary by Richard Brookhiser. Charlottesville, VA.: University of Virginia Press, 2003.

___. Washington’s Farewell Address in fascimile, with transliterations of all the drafts of Washington, Madison, & Hamilton; together with their correspondence and other supporting documents. Edited, with a history of its origin, reception by the nation, rise of the controversy respecting its authorship, and a bibliography, by Victor Hugo Paltsits. New York: New York Public Library, 1971.

___. The Washington Papers: Basic Selections from the Public and Private Writings of George Washington. Edited and Arranged with and introduction by Saul K. Padover. 1955. Reprint edition, Norwalk, CT: Easton Press, 1989.

___. [Works] The Writings of George Washington; Being His Correspondence, Addresses, Messages, and other Papers, Official and Private, Selected and Published from the Original Manuscripts with a life of the author, notes, and illustrations. By Jared Sparks (editor). Twelve Volumes. Boston: American Stationers’ Company, John B. Russell, 1834-1837.

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Wrong, George M. Washington and his Comrades-In-Arms: A Chronicle of the War of Independence. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1921.

Young, Norwood. George Washington: Soul of the Revolution. New York: R. M. McBride & Co., 1932.