Christopher, Maurine. Black Americans in Congress. 1971. Rev. and expanded ed. New York: T.Y. Crowell, 1976. Originally published as Americas Black Congressmen.
Gatewood, Willard B. Aristocrats of Color: The Black Elite, 1880-1920. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1990.
Graham, Lawrence Otis. The Senator and the Socialite: The True Story of Americas First Black Dynasty. New York: HarperCollins, 2006.
Harris, William C. Blanche K. Bruce of Mississippi: Conservative Assimilationist." In Howard Rabinowitz, ed., Southern Black Leaders of the Reconstruction Era. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1982.
Houston, G. David. A Negro Senator. Journal of Negro History 7 (July 1922): 243-56.
Mann, Kenneth Eugene. Blanche Kelso Bruce: United States Senator Without a Constituency. Journal of Mississippi History 38 (May 1976): 183-98.
Meyer, Howard N. Two Gentlemen From Mississippi. Chicago Jewish Forum 26 (Fall 1967): 28-36.
Office of History and Preservation, Office of the Clerk, Black Americans in Congress, 1870–2007. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2008.
Rabinowitz, Howard N. Three Reconstruction Leaders: Blanche K. Bruce, Robert Brown Eliott, and Holland Thompson. In Black Leaders of the Nineteenth Century, edited by Leon Litwack and August Meier, pp. 191-217. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1988.
Shapiro, Samuel. A Black Senator from Mississippi: Blanche K. Bruce (1841-1898). Review of Politics 44 (January 1982): 83-109.
Smith, Samuel Denny. The Negro in Congress, 1870-1901. 1940. Reprint. Port Washington, NY: Kennikat Press, 1966.
___. The Negro in the United States Senate. In Essays in Southern History, edited by Fletcher M. Green, pp. 49-66. James Sprunt Studies in History and Political Science, vol. 31. 1949. Reprint. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1976.
St. Clair, Sadie Daniel. The National Career of Blanche Kelso Bruce. Ph.D. dissertation, New York University, 1947.
Urofsky, Melvin I. Blanche K. Bruce: United States Senator, 1875-1881. Journal of Mississippi History 29 (May 1967): 118-41.